所以常看到NIKE鞋舌上寫的是MADE IN CHINA、MADE IN THAILAND 而不是MADE IN US
優點當然是 可以降低生產成本 各個子公司可以專心發展所長
但是缺點是管理不易 例如NIKE在海外的工廠雇用童工 這件事就曾掀起一陣宣然大波
之後JORDAN成了家喻戶曉的籃球隊之神 而 JORDAN腳上的AIR-JORDAN也透過電視螢幕傳到了全球的每個角落
- HarmonixerLv 61 0 年前最佳解答
Nike does not have a manufacturing department? It is influenced by globalization of industry. Nike does not have manufacturing plant within the U.S. The shoe development and design department is located in Taiwan, while its marketing team remains in the U.S. Nike's manufacturing plant is located in China, Thailand ...etc. This is why we see "made in China" or "made in Thailand" when we look at label on the shoe toungue of Nike's sneakers, not "made in U.S.A". This operating strategy of utilizing cheaper labors from foreign country to cut down cost is called outsourcing. There are pros and cons in outsourcing. Of course, the pros are cutting down production costs, and have each subsidiary concentrates on improving their functions; Design for Taiwan, marketing for the U.S, and production for China. But the con is difficult for headquarter to manage. For example, the incidence of using child labor in China's factory brought wide attentions from others.
- Nike's marketing strategy, brand loyalty.
Every brand has its own loyal customers, and customers display loyalty to certain brand. Nike is extremely successful in maintaing loyalty, and increaseing loyalty to its brand. Use Nike's marketing strategy on basketball shoes for example. In 1985, when Michael Jordan just joined the NBA, Nike signed a basketball shoe deal with him, promising an extremely high payment for reward. Afterward, the name Jordan is knowned by every household as the god of basketball, and the shoe "Air Jordan" is also broadcast to every corner of the world through television. The fans loved Jordan so much that every one of them is willing go out and buy an Air Jordan from Nike. Nike is willing to pay money to sign contract with professional basketball players as their marketing method. In fact, it increases loyalty of their customers to the brand Nike.