? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

worth英文用法問題及分詞構句問題

想請問若形容一本書「值得閱讀」

要使用worth reading或是worth being read?

為什麼呢?

另外關於分詞構句的問題

使用分詞構句的時機為...?

是不是前後兩子句主詞相同的話,就可以使用Ving的形式呢?

可否幫我解釋這個例句的用法~

Having been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.

謝謝

4 個解答

評分
  • Kuang
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    be worth + V-ing 本身就帶有「被動」涵義

    (因為:事情是值得被~)

    就正規用法而言被動時沒有 be worth being + P.P 的用法

    而 worth 加 V-ing 單純是因為它是個介系詞

    表「值得」... 的用法(公式)

    1. be worth + V-ing/N

    (註:worth 是介係詞)

    2. = be worthy of + V-ing/N

    (註:worthy 是形如詞)

    3. = it is worthwhile to + VR 或 V-ing

    4. = it is worth one's while to + VR

    (註:one's 是代表對...人說是很值得的)

    註:VR 原形動詞

    問 一本書值得閱讀的書

    答 The book is worth reading.

    同 = The book is worthy of reading.

    同 = It worthwhile to read the book. 或 It is worthwhile reading the book.

    同 = It is worth my while to read the book.

    (註:用 my 代表這本書值得我去讀)

    分詞構句

    時機 兩句子間有逗點但卻無連接詞

    步驟

    1. 先去掉連接詞

    (通常是這句中的動詞改為分詞)

    (and一定要去掉的/when、while、as…等可以保留或去掉)← 這是啥意思請見例句註

    2. 兩句中去掉原本有連接詞那句的的主詞,另一句主詞要保留

    (前後句中若有一句的主詞是代名詞,請將原本代名詞改為原本的明確名詞)← 這是啥意思請見例句第三步驟

    (前後句的主詞要「相同」/若不相同則為獨立分詞構句這時前後子句的主詞都要保留)

    3. Be動詞去掉,一般動詞改為分詞(主動:V 變 V-ing/被動:V 變 P.P)

    (若原句中有被動式時,只需去掉be動詞而保留過去分詞)

    4. 完成分詞構句(該大寫就大寫)

    (這步是廢話)

    例句

    As the thief was seen by the policeman, he ran away.

    步驟一(去掉連接詞)→ the thief was seen by the policeman, he ran away.

    步驟二(去掉主詞)→ was seen by the policeman, the thief ran away.

    步驟三(改成分詞)→ seen by the policeman, the thief ran away.

    步驟四(完成句子)→ Seen by the policeman, the thief ran away.

    改為分詞構句就是:Seen by the policeman, the thief ran away.

    註 原句的 As 可保留 → As seen by the policeman, the thief ran away.

    問 Having been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.(這句怎麼來的)

    還原:

    步驟四(完成句子)→ Having been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.

    步驟三(分詞還原為動詞)→ have been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.

    步驟二(還原去掉的主詞)→ the traveler had been told the way to take, he went on his journey.

    步驟一(還原去掉的連接詞)→ the traveler had been told the way to take, and he went on his journey.

    原句:The traveler had been told the way to take, and he went on his journey.

    對於分詞構句想更了解的話,請參考:http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/?qid=120612...

    Yours Sincerely,

    我是誰?誰是我?我是人?人是誰?誰是我?

    於2007/11/18留

    2007-11-18 21:35:08 補充:

    Html精靈怎麼失效了?! 害我打好久唷 =..=

    2007-11-18 21:39:23 補充:

    如果需要的話可以跟我要html檔 就可以看一看我用了那麼久的心血

    2007-11-20 18:55:56 補充:

    不好意思上面有一個地方~打錯了!正確應是worthy是形容詞而不是行"如"詞

    參考資料: 自己
  • 1 0 年前

    1. worthy to read

    2. 分辭構句就是用 v-ing 的型態當主詞, 例: Eating a big meal with his girlfriend is always his dream. 主詞是 Eating a big meal with his girlfriend

    3. Having been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.

    逗號前的句子只是條件, 帶出本句的動詞片語, 意思是 被告知該走哪條路後, 這位旅行者踏上了旅途o

    參考資料: 自己
  • 1 0 年前

    worth reading 難以解釋 你就記起來吧!

    已主動代替被動

    或用中文想"值得(讀者)一讀"而不是"值得被讀" 同樣的道理啊!

       另外關於分詞構句的問題

       使用分詞構句的時機為...?

       是不是前後兩子句...就可以使用Ving的形式呢?

    基本上是的

    Having been told the way to take, the traveler went on his journey.

    原句

    The traveler has been told the way to take, and he went on his journey.

    構句方法:

    1. 主詞省略 (去掉the traveler)

    2. V改成Ving (has → having)

    其他句子可用類似方法改寫

    參考資料: me
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