小妖 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

急件~~請大家幫幫忙英翻中~課堂上需要的~謝謝

英翻中,請不要用翻譯軟體直接翻~謝謝

sample for culture if the symptoms have resolved in this time.

A urine culture should always be performed in men with a history of UTIs regardless of the results of the dipstick test, as infections could indicate the possibility of urethral obstruction or prostatic hypertrophy.

Nitrite test

A positive nitrite test indicates bacteraemia and would therefore indicate a UTI.

Most urinary pathogens reduce nitrates to nitrites by the action of the enzyme nitrate reductase.However, a negative test does not necessarily rule out a UTI as some pathogens do not produce the enzyme, and frequent passing of urine reduces the time available for the enzyme to act.

Referral to secondary care

Referral to secondary oare is rarely required in healthy females as underlying abnormalities are uncommon. Referral should be considered if a patient does not respond to empirical treatment and has three recurrent infections in 12 months.

Men should be referred if they have two recurrent infections.

Management of UTIs

Uncomplicated UTI

An acute uncomplicated UTI is an easily curable bacterial infection. The guidelines published in 1999 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommended the use of trimethoprim as the firstline treatment for acute cystitis, as did the UK Guidelines issued by the Department of Healfh (1997). The use of this antibiotic seems to have declined in recent years, possibly because the use of broader spectrum antibiotics as a first-line treatment is now more common.The society and the

Department of Health Standing Medical Advisory Committee (SMAC) recommend that this practice should be avoided as multi-resistance is increasing.

2 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    不知對不對:

    樣品為文化如果症狀解決了在這時間。尿文化應該總執行在人以UTIs 的歷史不管量油計測試的結果, 因為傳染能表明尿道阻礙或prostatic 肥大的可能性。亞硝酸鹽測試A 正面亞硝酸鹽測試表明bacteraemia, 會表明因此UTI 。多數泌尿病原生物使硝酸鹽降低到亞硝酸鹽由酵素硝酸鹽的行動reductase.However, 一個消極測試不一定排除UTI 因為一些病原生物不生產酵素, 並且常去通過尿使可利用時率降低為酵素到行動。提及對次要關心提及對次要oare 很少必需在健康女性因為部下的反常性是不凡的。提及應該被考慮如果患者不對經驗主義的治療起反應和有三週期性傳染在12 個月。人應該被提到如果他們有二週期性傳染。UTIs 的管理不複雜的UTI 深刻不複雜的UTI 是容易地可醫治的細菌傳染。1999 年指南出版了由美國社會像英國指南由Healfh 推薦對trimethoprim 的用途作為firstline 治療為深刻膀胱炎的傳染病, 發布(1997 的)

    部門。對這抗生素的用途似乎近年來declined, 可能因為對更加寬廣的光譜抗生素的用途作為一種最重要的治療現在是更多common.The 社會並且健康的部門站立醫療咨詢委員會(SMAC) 推薦這實踐應該被避免作為多抵抗增加。

    參考資料: 自己請教英文老師
  • 1 0 年前

    樣品為文化如果症狀解決了在這時間。

    尿文化應該總執行在人以UTIs 的歷史不管量油計測試的結果, 因為傳染能表明尿道阻礙或prostatic 肥大的可能性。

    亞硝酸鹽測試

    一個正面亞硝酸鹽測試表明bacteraemia, 會表明因此UTI 。

    多數泌尿病原生物使硝酸鹽降低到亞硝酸鹽由酵素硝酸鹽的行動reductase.However, 一個消極測試不一定排除UTI 因為一些病原生物不生產酵素, 並且常去通過尿使可利用時率降低為酵素到行動。

    提及對次要關心

    提及對次要oare 很少必需在健康女性因為部下的反常性是不凡的。提及應該被考慮如果患者不對經驗主義的治療起反應和有三週期性傳染在12 個月。

    人應該被提到如果他們有二週期性傳染。

    UTIs 的管理

    不複雜的UTI

    深刻不複雜的UTI 是容易地可醫治的細菌傳染。1999 年指南出版了由美國社會像英國指南由Healfh 推薦對trimethoprim 的用途作為firstline 治療為深刻膀胱炎的傳染病, 發布(1997 的) 部門。對這抗生素的用途似乎近年來declined, 可能因為對更加寬廣的光譜抗生素的用途作為一種最重要的治療現在是更多common.The 社會和

    健康的部門站立醫療咨詢委員會(SMAC) 推薦, 這實踐應該被避免作為多抵抗增加。

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