Hypothesis 1. Throughout women's work trajectories, there is a greater outflow from standard employment to nonstandard employment than the inflow to standard employment.
The theory predicts that standard employment is particularly inaccessible for new participants in the labor force, who are married women in the Japanese case. A married woman who has quit her job upon marriage or childbearing would be viewed as one of this group if she ever seeks another job. Thus, the proposed theory predicts such job withdrawal has a significant and positive effect on one's current status being part-time or temporary employment even after controlling for both individual qualifications and possible discrimination against aged workers. Nevertheless since the increase in labor force reentry among married women is a key element in explaining the matching of middle-aged married women to nonstandard employment in Japan, job withdrawal upon marriage or childbearing would not predict married women's nonparticipation in the labor force later on.
I include only women who had ever married and worked in the multinomial logit models.
Among women of ages 45-54, the number of women who have moved from standard to other employment is four times larger than the percent of women who have gone in the opposite direction.
This indicates that the cost of labor force reentry into standard and nonstandard employment is not the same for women, and that job shifting across standard and nonstandard employment is made at a cost.
- 1 0 年前最佳解答
假設 1. 在女人的工作軌道各處，超過對標準的就業流入從標準的就業到不標準的就業有一個較棒的流出。
理論預測標準就業對勞動力量的新參加者特別地難接近，他[她] 是日本情形的已婚的女人。 如果她曾經尋求另一個工作，已經在婚姻或分娩之上離開她的工作的一個已婚的女人將會當做這一個小組之一被看。 因此，被提議的理論預測而且對在為個別的資格和可能的差別控制之後甚至作為兼任或暫時的就業一種現在的狀態積極的效果 對抗年老的工人。 然而因為在已婚的女人之中的勞動力量再入的增加是在跟日本的不標準的就業解釋中年已婚的女人相配方面一個主要成份，工作撤回在婚姻或者分娩之上將不預測比較遲的勞動力量的已婚的女人的非參與在。之上
我包括唯一的在那多項的 logit 模型中曾經和而且結婚工作的女人。
在 45 歲-54 的女人之中，已經從標準移到其他的就業的女人的數字比已經進入相反的方向的女人的百分比四倍大。
這指出勞動力量再入的費用進入標準和不標準的就業之內不是女人的一樣的，而且工作移轉過標準而且不標準的就業以費用被做。參考資料： ME 如果覺得回答的不錯記得選我為最佳解答喔 ︿︿!