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Lv 7
? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

應為選擇題,被動和間接問句?

共有兩題哦

第一題

The housework _________ by my brother and sister.

(A) were done (B) has been finished

答案應該是B沒錯吧!?有錯嗎?為何A不可以呢?

第二題

Nobody knows ___________.

(A) what he happened (B) what happened to him (C) what did he happen (D) what he is happening

請問答案是B嗎?為何其他不可以選?

謝謝解答哦^^

3 個解答

評分
  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    第一題

    The housework _________ by my brother and sister.

    (A) were done (B) has been finished

    答案應該是B沒錯吧!?有錯嗎?為何A不可以呢?

    因為 housework 這個名詞是不可數名詞, 所以後面不能加上were

    這也就是為何答案(B) 是 has been finished 而不是 have been finished

    答案(A) 如果改成 was done 就可以

    (work 是不可數名詞, 而結合work形成的名詞通常也是不可數, 例如 housework, homework )

    第二題

    Nobody knows ___________.

    (A) what he happened (B) what happened to him (C) what did he happen (D) what he is happening

    請問答案是B嗎?為何其他不可以選?

    答案是(B)沒錯

    happen 的用法:

    事情 + happen + to + 人(對象)

    不是 人(對象) + happen + 事 (X)

    例如, 中文說 我發生了一件很糟糕的事

    英文要說

    A terrible thing happened to me. (O)

    不可說

    I happened a terrible thing. (X)

    所以, 光是從這點來看, (A) (C) (D) 都是錯的

    2007-11-28 01:35:14 補充:

    第2題的正確答案(B)

    what + happened + to + him

    就是我所說的 happen 的用法

    事情 + happen + to + 人(對象)

    參考資料: I myself, I myself
  • The housework _________ by my brother and sister.

    (A) were done (B) has been finished

    答案應該是(A)

    原因:

    先還原句子成主動:

    My brother and sister did the housework.

    (S) (V) (O)

    變被動時,o變主詞,動詞部份,be + vpp + by somebody

    The housework were done by my brother and sister. (housework不會自己做,一定是被別人做)

    Nobody knows ___________.

    (A) what he happened (B) what happened to him (C) what did he happen (D) what he is happening

    答案是(A)

    原因:後面+疑問詞+主詞+動詞

    所以答案絕對不是c

    發生什麼事的說法是:WHAT HAPPEND或WHAT'S HAPPEINING

    What happened to me 比較合適

    參考資料: 自己、活用圖解英文法書
  • 1 0 年前

    第一題答案是B

    家事被我哥哥和妹妹做完了 (現在完成式被動語態)

    were done 改成 is done 文法上成立但語意上不完整!

    The housework was done by my brother and sister. 家事被我哥哥和妹妹做 (過去式被動語態)

    第二題答案是B

    Nobody knows what happened to him. (無人知曉他到底遭遇什麼事)

    關鍵字在於what (代名詞當主詞用,表示一件事發生在他身上, 但不曉得什麼事) 其他3個答案都出現另一個代名詞, 所以不通!

    Nobody knows what will happen next. 沒人知道接下來會發生什麼事

    參考資料: 五月花是也
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