CHIEN-WEN 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請英文高手翻譯 一小篇工業英文(不要翻譯機)

The chief purpose of a column is to support a roof beam, entablature, or

arch. Most columns are free standing; some, however, are engaged, that is, part

of the circumference is embedded in a wall. Occasionally a column may stand

alone as a monument, perhaps with a statue on its capital. Examples of

monumental columns are the commemorative columns of Trajan and Marcus

Aurelius in Rome and the Monument in London, recalling London's great fire of

1666.

Cantilever, a usually horizontal beam or structure that has a support at only one

end; the other end is free. The largest cantilevers are erected by bridge builders.

In a cantilever truss bridge, two piers are built in a river, and the cantilevered

trusses are extended from each shore over and beyond the piers. A center span is

joined to the free ends to complete the bridge.

A cantilever differs from a beam supported at both ends. When a cantilever

bends under a load, its upper surface is convex; when a beam supported at each

end bends under a load, its upper surface is concave. Frank Lloyd Wright's

Robie House (Chicago) and his Falling Water (Bear Run, Pa.) both incorporate

cantilevers in their designs.

Albert H. Griswold, New York University

2 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The chief purpose of a column is to support a roof beam, entablature, or

    arch.

    柱子的主要用途是在支撐屋頂的樑.柱子的頂端.或是拱門

    Most columns are free standing; some, however, are engaged, that is, part

    of the circumference is embedded in a wall.

    多數的柱子可隨意被放置的但有些卻必須被崁入周圍成為牆的一部分

    Occasionally acantilevered

    column may stand

    alone as a monument, perhaps with a statue on its capital.

    有些時侯可能會有一個柱子被當作紀念碑獨自佇立著 也許在底部還有個雕像

    Examples of

    monumental columns are the commemorative columns of MaTrajan andrcus

    Aurelius in Rome and the Monument in London, recalling London's great fire of

    1666.

    在羅馬的MaTrajan andrcus Aurelius 和倫敦的倫敦紀念碑( 紀念1666年的倫敦大火)都是屬於這類紀念碑的例子

    Cantilever, a usually horizontal beam or structure that has a support at only one

    end; the other end is free.

    懸臂通常是指只有單邊有支柱另一邊沒有的橫樑或是水平的結構

    The largest cantilevers are erected by bridge builders.

    最大型的懸臂是由造橋的人建造出來的

    In a cantilever truss bridge, two piers are built in a river, and the cantilevered

    trusses are extended from each shore over and beyond the piers.

    建造一座懸臂式構造的橋裡 先放兩個橋柱在水中 並由兩岸開始放置並延伸懸臂式的構造 直到它們超越水中的橋柱

    A center span is

    joined to the free ends to complete the bridge.

    之後在兩端懸臂懸吊的一邊加上一個中央連接軸 一座橋就完成了

    A cantilever differs from a beam supported at both ends

    懸臂和支撐兩端的樑是不同的

    When a cantilever

    bends under a load, its upper surface is convex; when a beam supported at each

    end bends under a load, its upper surface is concave.

    當懸臂因載重而彎曲時它的表面是凸起的 但當尾端的樑因載重而彎曲時他的表面卻是凹陷的

    Frank Lloyd Wright's

    Robie House (Chicago) and his Falling Water (Bear Run, Pa.) both incorporate

    cantilevers in their designs.

    Frank Lloyd Wright的作品Robie House(芝加哥) 和Falling Water (Bear Run, Pa.) 兩者在設計上都運用到懸臂

    Albert H. Griswold, New York University

    Albert H. Griswold 紐約大學

    2007-12-20 13:37:28 補充:

    ^^"剛剛自己讀了一下 有些地方有筆誤 多了一兩個字

    多數的柱子可隨意被放置(的)

    建造一座懸臂式構造的橋(裡)時

    有些專有名詞可能翻的不是很正確 請知道的人多多指教

    最後一段有很多名稱 可以用音譯直接翻譯 所以我就寫出它們的中文囉

    參考資料: 自己 字典, 自己
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  • 1 0 年前

    意思是

    專欄的首要目的將支持頂樑、entablature, 或曲拱。多數專欄是自由身分; 一些, 然而, 參與, 即, 一部分的圓周被埋置在牆壁。偶爾地專欄也許單獨並肩作戰像一座紀念碑, 或許與一個雕像在它的資本。巨大的專欄例子是Trajan 和Marcus Aurelius 紀念專欄在羅馬和紀念碑在倫敦, 召回倫敦的巨大火1666 年。

    懸臂式, 有支持在只一個末端的一個通常水平的射線或結構; 另一目的是自由的。最大的cantilevers 由橋梁建造者架設。在一座懸臂式捆橋梁, 二個碼頭被修築在河, 並且懸臂捆是延長的從各岸在和在碼頭之外。中心間距被加入對自由末端完成橋梁。

    懸臂式與射線不同支持在兩個末端。當懸臂式彎在裝載之下, 它的上面是凸面; 當射線支持在各個末端彎曲在裝載之下, 它的上面凹面。坦率的Lloyd 懷特的Robie 議院(芝加哥) 並且他下落的水(熊奔跑, Pa 。) 兩個合併cantilevers 在他們的設計。阿爾伯特・H. Griswold, 紐約大學

    參考資料: 祕~
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