佐穗 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

machine & machinery有何不同之處?

我想請問一下,關於machine跟machinery這兩個單字有何不同?

除了可數名詞跟不可數名詞這個差別之外,有何不同?

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我想版主您想問的是名詞方面的差異,畢竟machinery不可做動詞用。

    而名詞方面兩者的差異看英英字典的解說會較為詳盡:

    以下是查詢machinery的其中一段:

    machinery

    圖片參考:http://cache.lexico.com/dictionary/graphics/luna/t...

    ri/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[muh-shee-nuh-ree] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation

    –noun, plural -eries.

    1.

    an assemblage of machines or mechanical apparatuses: the machinery of a factory.

    2.

    the parts of a machine, collectively: the machinery of a watch.

    3.

    a group of people or a system by which action is maintained or by which some result is obtained: the machinery of government.

    4.

    a group of contrivances for producing stage effects.

    5.

    the group or aggregate of literary machines, esp. those of supernatural agency (epic machinery) in an epic poem.

    [Origin: 1680–90; machine + -ery

    圖片參考:http://cache.lexico.com/dictionary/graphics/luna/t...

    ]

    —Synonyms 3. organization, structure, setup.

    (擷自dictionary.com)

    看紅字部分可輕易了解若一般 machine 一字做為「機器」解,那麼 machinery 則是用來指「機械」(某工廠裡所有機器、或者某機器的零件組皆可稱為「機械」)。

    而 machinery 也有第三個做為「機構」的用法。

    2007-12-28 02:24:26 補充:

    第二&三粗體字應為紅字,不知為何版面亂掉

    參考資料: dictionary.com
  • 3 年前

    Machine is a noun,verb and machinery is just a noun.And machine is a countable noun but machinery is a uncountable noun

  • 1 0 年前

    ma·chine /məˈʃin/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[muh-sheen] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation noun, verb, -chined, -chin·ing.

    –noun 1. an apparatus consisting of interrelated parts with separate functions, used in the performance of some kind of work: a sewing machine.

    2. a mechanical apparatus or contrivance; mechanism.

    3. Mechanics. a. a device that transmits or modifies force or motion.

    b. Also called simple machine. any of six or more elementary mechanisms, as the lever, wheel and axle, pulley, screw, wedge, and inclined plane.

    c. Also called complex machine. a combination of simple machines.

    4. Older Use.

    a. an automobile or airplane.

    b. a typewriter.

    5. a bicycle or motorcycle.

    6. a vending machine: a cigarette machine.

    7. any complex agency or operating system: the machine of government.

    8. an organized group of persons that conducts or controls the activities of a political party or organization: He heads the Democratic machine in our city.

    9. a person or thing that acts in a mechanical or automatic manner: Routine work had turned her into a machine.

    ma·chin·er·y /məˈʃinəri/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[muh-shee-nuh-ree] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation

    –noun, plural -er·ies.

    1. an assemblage of machines or mechanical apparatuses: the machinery of a factory.

    2. the parts of a machine, collectively: the machinery of a watch.

    3. a group of people or a system by which action is maintained or by which some result is obtained: the machinery of government.

    4. a group of contrivances for producing stage effects.

    machine-機械

    machinery-機械師

  • 1 0 年前

    machine

    n. (名詞 noun)[C]

    1.機器;機械

    2.計算機

    3.汽車;自行車;飛機

    4.機構;操縱組織的核心集團

    The Allies finally smashed the Nazi war machine.

    同盟國最終粉碎了納粹的戰爭機器。

    5.機器人似地工作的人;沒有感情或意志的人

    vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

    1.用機器做

    It will take far less time to machine the cuffs than to sew them by hand.

    用縫紉機縫製袖口比手工做省時得多。

    2.(使用工具)按規定尺寸製成[( down)]

    ==

    machinery

    n. (名詞 noun)[U]

    1.機器;機械

    Many products are made by machinery rather than by hand.

    許多產品是機器造的而不是手工做的。

    2.機械裝置

    3.(政府等的)機構

    We are studying the administrative machinery of our government.

    我們在研究我們政府的行政組織。

    4.方法

    5.製造舞臺效果的裝置

    6.文學手段;(文學作品的)情節

    ==

    我自己看到的是,machine的用法比較廣,除了可當作動詞使用(ex. It will take far less time to machine the cuffs than to sew them by hand.),還有其他配合用法(ex. machine code, machine gun)

    相反的,machinery感覺比較像專業用詞。如果翻成對應中文,machine就是「機械」,而machinery較像是針對工業的「器材工具」(ex. Fulland Machinery is a manufacturer of double column machining center. http://www.fullandtech.com/)

    希望這樣的答案有給您幫助

    圖片參考:http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/blog/rte/smiley_3.gif

    2007-12-28 10:36:47 補充:

    逸朗大大的英文確實很強,值得我好好學習。 :)

    參考資料: yahoo奇摩字典
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