LULU 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

很急!!拜託請幫忙翻譯一下一篇文章....謝謝

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of different food starch

levels on satiation and satiety in preschool children. The study was

carried out in 25 preschool children, aged 24 to 48 months, with a

normal nutritional status. Three rice formulas were given to the children

at lunch. Three starch levels were assayed: low, medium and high (4, 8

and 12% of starch, respectively). Nutrient and energy densities of the

formulas were similar. Satiation was determined at lunch by measuring

the subject’s intake of prepared dishes, which were offered in high

volumes. If children asked for more an additional amount was served.

Satiety was determined using the food and energy intakes at tea time in

those children who consumed similar amounts of meals with different

starch levels at lunch. The result demonstrated that children consumed

significantly less of the high starch food preparation at lunch. Also, an

inverse and significant relationship was observed between the formula

starch level and the food and energy intakes at the subsequent meal time. From these results, it can be concluded that preschool children show the

highest satiating rate and satiety when they consume foods with a higher

starch level. The findings of this work are a contribution to a better

understanding of the effect of nutritional factors on food and energy

intakes in preschool children. From an applied point of view, these

findings could be valuable tools in the food management of under or

overnourished preschool children.

2 個解答

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  • 最佳解答

    這個研究(或報告)的目標是針對學齡前孩童,衡量不同食物澱粉標準在satiation和satiety上的效果。此報告是針對百分之25擁有一般營養狀況下年齡由24到48個月的學齡前孩童所探討的。三種米食的配方在中餐時給予孩童。此三種澱粉標準是被測定為:低,中,高(分別為4,8,和12%的澱粉含量)。這些配方的營養和能量密度是相似的。satiation是依中餐時,由準備菜餚大量地被提供的受實驗者的吸收來衡量。如果孩童要求更多的額外量時是被允許的。而satiety是使用食物和能量在下午茶時間那些消耗在中餐時依不同澱粉程度餐點時相似量的孩童吸收來衡量。(這句話還滿難翻的,也就是說,在中餐時會給予不同等級的澱粉含量食物,而在下午茶時,針對在中餐時給予不同等級中,份量相似的孩童來認定,satiety這項衡量。)。此結果顯示,孩童顯著地較少消耗在中餐時所準備的高澱粉含量食物。同樣地,在給予的不同澱粉含量的配方中食物能量吸收在接著的進餐時間之間被觀察到存在一項顯著的相反關係。(因為衡量結果後,有證據顯示,中餐時給予不同等級的澱粉食物,而孩童對他吸收的程度,和接下來吃飯時間所吸收的食物和能量間有負關係。)。從這些結果,可以被下此結論,當學齡前孩童消耗最高等級的澱粉含量食物時,他們會顯示出最高的satiating rate和satiety。此工作的發現是對於了解學齡前孩童營養要素在食物和能量上的吸收效果有很大的貢獻。從應用的觀點,此發現可說是很有價值(幫助)的工具對於過低或過高攝取的學齡前孩童的食物管理上。

    以上是很糟的翻譯,但你因為很急的話,可以先參考一下,括號內是我的補充,其中satiation和satiety我查的意思都是飽足,滿意,這些意思,不了解其中的分野,所以沒有翻出來,但大概就是說一項對於孩童的食物實驗,給高的澱粉食物,孩童的吸收會更好,而因為吃比較高的澱粉在下一餐時會和下一餐的吸收有相反效果。所以可以拿來管理太瘦或太胖小孩的食物。

  • 匿名使用者
    5 年前

    其實阿,要使身材變苗條的不二法門就是「吃進去的熱量一定要小於每日消耗的熱量」

    只要掌握這個原則,自然而然就一定可以變窈窕啦!

    如果想讓自己健康又美美的瘦下來,推薦給你一個好東西【我自己也有在吃】

    有一種低卡珍珠米是用蒟蒻做成的米,低脂肪、低熱量、膳食纖維又多

    不用挨餓吃的又健康,只要照著他的方法加在白米飯裡面吃(網頁有附方法說明)

    不僅吃了有飽足感,料理上也很方便

    重點是他的熱量很低,每天慢慢的減少好幾百卡,一個月下來就少7740卡

    不知不覺吃的又健康又可以保持身材,真的是一舉兩得呢!!

    有興趣的可以參考看看喔

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