匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

幫我解答 一下英文文法

it is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

jobs that succeed in the long run.幫我詳細的分析這一個句子的

文法解構 THAT為何要放那裡???

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8 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    that 100%不會是介係詞才是

    2008-01-19 01:28:28 補充:

    版主請三考http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    2008-01-19 01:28:55 補充:

    that是分裂句 It is ... that ....

    是連接詞

    2008-01-19 01:30:10 補充:

    這裡的that不會是關代才是,因為job不會succeed

    2008-01-19 01:38:22 補充:

    it is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

    jobs that succeed in the long run.幫我詳細的分析這一個句子的

    文法解構 THAT為何要放那裡???

    這裡的that是連接詞,這種句型是It is ... that ....,叫分裂句,專門把你想強調的東西放在It is的後面,that的前面

    例: Mary likes to study at 9pm on her own.

    強調是在9pm -> It is at 9pm that Mary likes to study on her own.

    版主的原句為

    Those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs succeed in the long run.

    這提想強調的是最後成功的對象(students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs)

    藉由分裂句型表示強調

    IT IS those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs THAT succeed in the long run.

    如果看不懂,就再簡化:

    IT IS students THAT succceed in the long run

    that不是關代的原因為 job不會succeed in the long run.

    您可參考我意見欄中的link

    2008-01-19 01:41:41 補充:

    that如果做關代解,整句意思也不通

    2008-01-19 01:45:27 補充:

    it is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

    jobs that succeed in the long run.

    中譯為: 就是那群/些對自己的工作有動機和熱誠的學生,最後(他們)成功了

    2008-01-19 01:51:46 補充:

    u can consult http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    , too.

    2008-01-20 00:10:25 補充:

    Hi,Kevin大大,其實上一個問題我還是沒能清楚了解您說的,至於這個,說真的,我還是不很清楚你所指為何

    006->有2個關係子句?

    those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

    jobs that succeed in the long run. ?

    2008-01-20 00:12:57 補充:

    009->如果可以的話,能否清楚示意有2個關係子句和分裂句搭配用

    再者,的確我有可能把that詞性說錯,不過即使是如此,我看不出我的分析(整句)是錯的耶

    請指教囉

    TKS

    2008-01-20 00:16:50 補充:

    The [that] in this sentence actually acts as a relative pronoun, with its antecedent being [students] instead of [jobs],

    ->這是說It is... that/who...嗎? 如果您是說這裡的連接詞that可以用who取代(關代),這我同意

    It is those students that/who succeed in the long run. --> correct

    2008-01-20 00:21:21 補充:

    The [that] in this sentence actually acts as a relative pronoun, with its antecedent being [students] instead of [jobs]

    ->這點和我的意思是一樣的(其他大大說that是修飾前面的整句話),我是說that是分裂句中的"連接詞",而這連接詞可用關代who取代

    2008-01-20 00:24:34 補充:

    我想問題可能是出自我身上

    that不是關代的原因為 job不會succeed in the long run.

    ->這是說如果是修飾job(果),那語意/邏輯/用法..等不對,所以倒出that不是修飾jobs

    2008-01-20 00:27:03 補充:

    我的結論是

    IT IS those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs THAT succeed in the long run.

    如果看不懂,就再簡化:

    IT IS students THAT succceed in the long run

    而這2句中的連結詞 that可用關代who取代

    2008-01-20 00:33:49 補充:

    我想應該是我解釋不清楚吧,還是您的意思...?

    如果在全面些(但會很複雜),應該是這樣

    IT IS those students WHO/THAT show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs THAT/WHO succeed in the long run.

    您是指這些嗎?

    tks

    2008-01-20 00:37:29 補充:

    對Kevin大大的指教,其實我還蠻戰戰兢兢的,說真的上一個問題點,我還是不很明白您的部分論述,只是怕妳或我們會陷入變成無聊的論述或浪費時間,所以我也沒繼續向您討教

    不知您看法如何

    2008-01-20 00:57:08 補充:

    或者說我當初犯了一個錯誤

    就是我認定為是分裂句型時,我並不打算帶到that可用who取代的情形(這樣對問的人,給太多了,怕會混淆)

    2008-01-20 01:01:00 補充:

    我想我大概已了解Kevin大大您的different opinion為何了,不過還是請您告知是不是所指為我所說的

    2008-01-20 23:03:49 補充:

    能聽到Kevin大大這麼說,真是太好了,我了解了,謝謝

    參考資料: hobo
  • 弒殺
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前

    看完以上

    覺得 真是高手過招 群龍雲集呀

  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    To hobo:

    The [that] in this sentence actually acts as a relative pronoun, with its antecedent being [students] instead of [jobs], which will come obvious as you omit the other relative clause led by [who].

    2008-01-19 16:25:51 補充:

    In other words, there are two relative clauses in this sentence, and it is the one which is led by [that] that constitutes the later half of a so called "cleft sentence."

    2008-01-20 11:12:01 補充:

    我看不出我的分析(整句)是錯的耶?

    您的分析很正確啊, 我說的部分是關於[that].

    1. 關代也是連接詞的一種.

    2. 關代的先行詞不見得就是緊接在它前面的名詞.

    2008-01-20 11:12:16 補充:

    再簡化: IT IS students THAT succceed in the long run.

    是的, 在這句中, [that]就是關代, 先行詞是[student].

    如果對先行詞還有進一步說明, 可以用關係子句:

    [WHO/THAT show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs]

    插在[student]與[that]之間.

    2008-01-20 11:12:49 補充:

    如果在全面些(但會很複雜),應該是這樣

    IT IS those students WHO/THAT show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs THAT/WHO succeed in the long run.

    您是指這些嗎?

    2008-01-20 11:13:05 補充:

    You got it!

    IT IS those students [WHO show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs(關係子句1, 修飾student) [THAT succeed in the long run(關係子句2, 一樣是修飾student, 並構成分裂句)].

    2008-01-20 11:13:24 補充:

    怕妳或我們會陷入變成無聊的論述或浪費時間...

    從您的回答中看得出您對文法方面是一位高手, 也有令人佩服的熱忱. 有意見大家提出討論是好事啊. ^_^

  • it is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

    jobs that succeed in the long run.

    翻譯: 就是那些朝著他們的工作,展現出動力與熱情之後,最後終於

    成功了的學生們.

    可將句子分開看:

    1) it is those students...就是那些學生

    耶? 哪些學生呢?

    who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs....朝著他

    們的工作展現動力與熱情的xxx

    這裡的who是關係代名詞, 代表著那些學生

    2) their job....他們的工作

    耶?什麼樣的工作呢?

    that succeed in the long run....最後終於成功的xxx

    這裡的 that 也是關係代名詞,代表的是那一項工作

    ======================================================

    當你把句子拆開之後,就會比較了解關係代名詞的用法囉!

    參考資料: myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    嗯嗯嗯

    我試著解答看看看能不能幫助你

    句子是這樣的

    It is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their

    jobs that succeed in the long run

    我先把翻譯一次在看他的文法

    就是那些在面對於他們的工作時展現了他們的動機和熱忱的學生在長遠的的觀點來看是成功的

    單字解釋你可以看翻譯

    然後來看文法八

    先來講who芭

    這是一個關代,通常關代也扮演了連接詞的腳色

    是一個主動的關代,用來代替前面的those student(因為英文強調不能重複)

    再來就是講that了

    that試算蠻難的關代

    它可以扮演連接詞,關代,代名詞等多種用法

    他在這裡是一個關代

    代替了It is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs  ,並用來修飾在長遠的觀點來看是成功的

    嗯嗯

    that可以代指人,事或物

    外國人很懶惰,他們其實在文章,交談中,關代幾乎都會用

    that

    所以在選選擇題時依照題義如果講的是確定是事或物

    選項又有which則選之which

    但如果沒有which而有that就選that

    但是that在兩種情況下是絕對不可以選的

    問法裡面也是嚴格規定不行

    第一種狀況是在逗號後面,都號後面的關帶是絕對不能用that的

    第二種狀況就是關代前面有連接辭

    有連接詞也是不行的

    希望能幫助你

    參考資料:
  • 1 0 年前

    翻譯:這些熱心進取和抱持著熱誠的學生會在長久的日子裡成功

    因為it is those students who show motivation and enthusiasm towards their jobs 不是個句意完整的句子,所以that 之後是加以形容這些學生

    參考資料: myself
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    中文:這些學生展現他們的積極和熱忱 因為that是介性詞

  • 1 0 年前

    那是顯示刺激和熱情往他們的工作從長遠看成功的那些學生。

    THAT放在IT的位置.IT要去掉.

    P.S.我英文普通.請高手指點

    參考資料: 自己和英文字典
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