JM 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

Gramma problem..

1. The human brain is ( like ) a super computer, ( storing ) millions of

( bits ) of information that ( it ) can be recalled instantly.

這個句子答案是 it 錯.. why??

2. Harry Whittington, the man ( accidental ) shot and ( wounded ) by

US Vice President Dick CHENEY, apologized ( for ) the trouble the

incident ( had caused ) the vice president.

The wrong anser is " accidental" why??

3. ( Aiding ) by artificial insemination, Adriana Iliescu ( gave birth )

when she was 66 years old and ( became ) the oldest woman

( on record ) to give birth.

The wrong answer is "Aiding". Why??

1 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. The human brain is ( like ) a super computer, ( storing ) millions of

    ( bits ) of information that ( it ) can be recalled instantly.

    這個句子答案是 it 錯.. why??

    => "人腦像一具超級電腦, 儲存了數百萬位元的資訊, 都是可以立即回想起來的." 句中的"that can be recalled instantly"是一個修飾前一個名詞片語"millions of bits of information"的子句. 這個子句中, that為主格, can be recalled為被動語態的動詞. 也因為句子是被動語態, 因此不需要受詞.如此既然主詞動詞都有了,"it"就是多餘的用字, 不能出現.

    2. Harry Whittington, the man ( accidental ) shot and ( wounded ) by

    US Vice President Dick CHENEY, apologized ( for ) the trouble the

    incident ( had caused ) the vice president.

    The wrong anser is " accidental" why??

    =>"Harry Whittington, 被美國副總統錢尼開槍誤傷的人, 為這件意外事件為副總統帶來的困擾致歉". 其中, "誤傷"--accidentally shot--應該是用副詞accidentally修飾動詞的過去分詞shot (副詞可修飾動詞,形容詞,和副詞), 原文中的accidental為形容詞, 形容詞只能修飾名詞,不能修飾動詞的過去分詞. 因此用accidental shot是錯誤的.

    3. ( Aiding ) by artificial insemination, Adriana Iliescu ( gave birth )

    when she was 66 years old and ( became ) the oldest woman

    ( on record ) to give birth.

    The wrong answer is "Aiding". Why??

    "在人工受精的協助之下,Adriana Iliescu在高齡66歳時生產,並成為有史以來年紀最大的產婦". 這句是用分詞構句開頭, 分詞構句依照主詞和動詞之間主動或被動的關係而有"Ving..., S + V..."和 "Ven..., S + V..."兩種形式. 以本句而言, 主詞Adriana Iliescu是被協助的, 因此應當使用被動語態的分詞構句,也就是" Aided by artificial insemination,..." 若以原句"Aiding by ...",就變成Adriana Iliescu去協助人工授精,文法和語意都更不通了.

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