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壞人 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

by which 跟 in which的用法

One of the ways by which website companies make money is from the advertisements that flash on the screens.

我想問的是,為何這邊是使用by which而不是用in which,而by which 跟 in which是用在什麼時候,我一直搞不懂,而which為何前面要加個by,是有什麼特別涵義嗎,而by which可以用 of來替代嗎??

3 個解答

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  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    One of the ways by which website companies make money is from the advertisements that flash on the screens.

    網站公司賺錢的方法之一, 就是藉由出現在電腦螢幕上的廣告而來

    (分析)

    黃色部分是主詞

    藍色部分是形容詞子句, 修飾前面的主詞

    在形容詞子句中, 主詞是website companies, 動詞是make

    which 是受詞(介係詞 by的受詞), 代替前面的先行詞 one of the ways.

    為何是 by which

    請看這兩句

    One of the ways is from advertisements that flash on the screens.

    Website companies make money by one of the ways.

    這兩句結合後, 即可寫成

    One of the ways by which website companies make money is from the advertisements that flash on the screens.

    by 是 藉著... 的意思

    也可以將這個 by 移位, 整句變成

    One of the ways which website companies make money by is from the advertisements that flash on the screens.

    所以, by which 並非一個片語或什麼特殊的用法, 而是如我上述而形成的

    再看

    The house is so big.

    Your parents live in the house.

    合併

    The house in which your parents live is so big.

    也可寫成

    The house which your parents live in is so big.

    道理相同

    希望這樣解釋夠清楚

    參考資料: I myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    此句亦可寫成one of the ways which website companies make money "by" is from the advertisement that flash on the screens.

    也就是說website companies make money by one of the ways,one of the ways在這裡代表的是advertisement that... 這個方法,使用by是因為依照要接的東西。

    用其他句子為例:用the student sit on the chair造一個句子the chair which the student sit "on" is made of wood. 就可以寫成the chair "on which" the student sit is made of wood.

    其他介係詞 in of 等都是同樣的用法

    參考資料: Brain
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  • 藍心
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前

    這裡用by是因為翻譯是"藉由這樣的方法"

    用by是因為"藉由"其中之ㄧ的方法...

    原句為: One of the ways which website companies make money by is from...

    把by移到前面去而形成by which

    而in which的用法,我舉個例子給你:

    The building where he lives is very old.

    =The building in which he lives is very old.

    =The building which he lives in is very old.

    其實關代前用哪一個介係詞,是要看語意的!

    參考資料:
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