蔡佳娜 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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A summary of the lycopene extractions using cellulases

and pectinases from various tomato fractions and

wastes (Figs. 7a and 7b, respectively) shows that both

cellulase and pectinase were effective in increasing the

lycopene yield. For whole tomatoes, pectinase was more

effective than cellulase, with an increase in lycopene yield

of 108 lg/g (224%). For tomato peel used as a lycopene

source, pectinase was also found to be more effective

than cellulase, with an increase in lycopene yield of

1104 lg/g (206%). Fruit pulper wastes showed increase

in extraction yields of lycopene of 119 lg/g (23%) for cellulase

and 190 lg/g (52%) for pectinase treated samples.

Again pectinase proved to be more effective than cellulase

for lycopene extraction from fruit pulper wastes.

However, there is increase in yield of lycopene by

202 lg/g (61%) and 156 lg/g (45%) for cellulase and pectinase

treated samples of industrial wastes, respectively.

Hence, cellulase enzyme is more effective than pectinase

for lycopene extraction from industrial wastes. Of all

the tomato fractions and wastes studied as a source of

lycopene, tomato peel was found to show the highest

increase in lycopene yield using pectinase enzyme. Both

the enzymes employed in the present study were found

to enhance the recovery of lycopene from tomato wastes.

In conclusion, the valuable quantities of lycopene pigment

in tomatoes, which is lost as waste in processing,

can be recovered in high yields by extraction using cellulases

and pectinases.

1 個解答

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  • kevin
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    A summary of the lycopene extractions using cellulases

    and pectinases from various tomato fractions and

    wastes (Figs. 7a and 7b, respectively) shows that both

    cellulase and pectinase were effective in increasing the

    lycopene yield.

    簡要來說,從蕃茄各種部位及殘渣(分別為圖 7a and 7b),使用纖維素酶和果膠酶萃取茄紅素,

    顯示纖維素酶和果膠酶都可以有效增加茄紅素產率

    For whole tomatoes, pectinase was more

    effective than cellulase, with an increase in lycopene yield

    of 108 lg/g (224%).

    對於整粒蕃茄,果膠酶比纖維素酶有效,茄紅素產率增加到108 lg/g (224%)

    For tomato peel used as a lycopene

    source, pectinase was also found to be more effective

    than cellulase, with an increase in lycopene yield of

    1104 lg/g (206%).

    以蕃茄皮作為茄紅素來源,果膠酶也比纖維素酶有效,茄紅素產率增加到11 04 lg/g (206%)

    Fruit pulper wastes showed increase

    in extraction yields of lycopene of 119 lg/g (23%) for cellulase

    and 190 lg/g (52%) for pectinase treated samples.

    水果攪碎機殘渣的樣品顯示, 茄紅素萃取率增加, 纖維素酶119 lg/g (23%),

    果膠酶190 lg/g (52%)

    Again pectinase proved to be more effective than cellulase

    for lycopene extraction from fruit pulper wastes.

    從水果攪碎機殘渣萃取番茄紅素,果膠酶再次證明比纖維素酶有效

    However, there is increase in yield of lycopene by

    202 l g/g (61%) and 156 l g/g (45%) for cellulase and pectinase

    treated samples of industrial wastes, respectively.

    然而,工業殘渣樣品顯示茄紅素產率的增加,

    202 lg/g (61%)和156 lg/g (45%)分別對應於纖維素酶和果膠酶

    Hence, cellulase enzyme is more effective than pectinase

    for lycopene extraction from industrial wastes.

    因此,纖維素酶比果膠酶更有效從工業殘渣萃取茄紅素

    Of all the tomato fractions and wastes studied as a source of

    lycopene, tomato peel was found to show the highest

    increase in lycopene yield using pectinase enzyme.

    研究蕃茄各部位與殘渣作為茄紅素來源,

    發現果膠酶用於蕃茄皮,對茄紅素產率增加最多

    Both the enzymes employed in the present study were found

    to enhance the recovery of lycopene from tomato wastes.

    在本研究中使用的兩酵素都發現,能加強蕃茄殘渣提高茄紅素回收

    In conclusion, the valuable quantities of lycopene pigment

    in tomatoes, which is lost as waste in processing,

    can be recovered in high yields by extraction using cellulases

    and pectinases.

    結論, 在蕃茄裡有價值的茄紅素色素量,在處理過程丟掉作為殘渣,

    而使用纖維素酶和果膠酶,能讓萃取回收率提高

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