海豚介紹英文期刊翻譯20點-勿用翻譯軟體

INTRODUCTION

Lateralized behavior (i.e., a consistent preference or bias for one side of the

body) exists in a number of nonhuman species [Bradshaw and Rogers, 1993; Hopkins

and Morris, 1993; Springer and Deutsch, 1989, for reviews]. In humans, population-

level lateralized behavior (e.g. handedness) is associated with functional asymmetries

in such complex processes as language [Springer and Deutsch, 1989]. Such

findings are important for understanding the evolution of the brain in general and

because they may reveal underlying functional asymmetries in other species that are

similar to those in humans.

Despite these important implications, there have been few systematic studies

of behavioral laterality in the large-brained and behaviorally complex cetaceans.

Those findings that do exist point compellingly to the possibility that the

level of behavioral asymmetry in some cetaceans is on a par with that in humans

Received for publication 7 June 1996; revision accepted 29 August 1996.

*Correspondence to: Lori Marino, Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322.

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    引言

    偏向行為(即一種持續性對於身體某側的偏好或偏差)存在於一定數量的非人種中 [Bradshaw and Rogers, 1993; Hopkins and Morris, 1993; Springer and Deutsch, 1989 以上共檢閱之用]。在人類之中,到達人口級數的偏向行為(例如左右手的偏好)是與如語言般的複雜程序的功能性不對稱相連[Springer and Deutsch, 1989]。這種發現對於整體理解腦部進化來說是重要的,其重要性也因為它們可能會顯露出與人類相似其他物種所擁有之潛在的功能性不對稱。儘管有這些重要的涵義,並沒有許多系統化的研究是針對於擁有大型腦部與複雜行為之鯨目動物的偏向行為上。已有的這類研究令人信服地指出,某些鯨目動物的行為不對稱性可能在某種程度上是與人類同等的。

    1996年6月7日收到發表用稿;1996年8月29日修訂版接受。

    *回信請寄:Lori Marino, Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322. (美國地址我就不翻了)

    參考資料: 主修生物兩年,不用翻譯網站的自己
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