Ray 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

為何有些句子把過去式放句首?

請英文高手幫我分析下列句子,謝謝~

1. Armed with laptops, modems, hard disk drives, and sandwiches, 12 computer experts settled in for the seven-hour contest to find the best hacker in high tech-savvy Singapore.

2. Divided into six two-man teams, the contestants participating in '' BlackOPS HackAttack Challenge 2004'' have to defend their networks and

services from hacking while attacking other teams' systems.

3 個解答

評分
  • River
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Armed with laptops, modems, hard disk drives, and sandwiches, 12 computer experts settled in for the seven-hour contest to find the best hacker in high tech-savvy Singapore .

    = Having been armed with laptops, modems, hard disk drives, and sandwiches, 12 computer experts settled in for the seven-hour contest to find the best hacker in high tech-savvy Singapore .

    = After they (=12 computer experts) had been armed with laptops, modems, hard disk drives, and sandwiches, 12 computer experts settled in for the seven-hour contest to find the best hacker in high tech-savvy Singapore.

    2. Divided into six two-man teams, the contestants participating in '' BlackOPS HackAttack Challenge 2004'' have to defend their networks and services from hacking while attacking other teams' systems.

    = Being divided into six two-man teams, the contestants who participate in '' BlackOPS HackAttack Challenge 2004'' have to defend their networks and services from hacking while attacking other teams' systems.

    = After they (= the contestants) have been divided into six two-man teams, the contestants who participate in '' BlackOPS HackAttack Challenge 2004'' have to defend their networks and services from hacking while attacking other teams' systems.

    【文法說明】

    這兩個都屬『分詞構句』的『被動語態』句子:

    【意義】連接2個句子的『第3種方法』,為『副詞子句』,用以修飾主要句子。

    【用法】前後主詞一致時:

    Opening (=When he opened) the door, he found a stranger outside.

    Having finished (=When he had finished) his work, he went home right away.

    參考資料: River + teacher
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    這兩句都是倒裝句喔同學,

    這種寫法有時候是為了把幾句句字連在一起,

    所以句子本來應該是這樣的:

    1. 12 computer experts are armed with laptops, modems, hard disk drives, and sandwiches. They are settled in for the seven-hour contest to find the best hacker in high tech-savvy Singapore.

    2. The contestants participating in 'BlackOPS HackAttack Challenge 2004' are divided into six two-man teams. They have to defend their networks and services from hacking while attacking other teams' systems.

    為什麼會用過去式的原因,就是在於本來前面是有一個are的,也就是說,這不是過去式,而是被動式所以要加-ed。在使用倒裝的時候,那個are就可以被省略。這跟有時候-ing置於句首的原理是一樣的,同樣是使用了倒裝,而不一定是動作正在進行中。

    參考資料: 翻譯系
  • Ahoo
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    這兩個都是分詞構句

    1.的主詞是 experts 動詞是 settle

    2.的主詞是 contestants 動詞是 have to defend

    雖然我不懂文法, 分詞構句卻是我的最愛, 我喜歡用分詞構句表達寫作.

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