匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

particle和preposition的差別? (20點)

請問 particle 和 preposition 有什麼差別?

既然 particle --> 包括某些副詞,冠詞,介系詞,連接詞等,

又該怎麼詳細區分 particle (質詞 ) 和別的 adv. / det. / p. / conj. 的用法?

謝謝~~

已更新項目:

那...

The little boy decided on the boat. ( He chooses the boat )

這兒的 "on" 是 patricle

可是

The little boy decided on the boat. ( He makes a decision on the boat)

這兒的 "on" 是 preposition

為什麼會不一樣?

可以麻煩請你回答一下這個問題嗎?

如果回答了

我再另外補給你 20 點

可以嗎??

謝謝~

1 個解答

評分
  • 小頹
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    據我所知 PARTICLE 算是一個統稱

    其涵蓋了

    ► 冠詞 (eg. THE, A / AN...)

    ► 不定詞質詞 (eg. TO, as in "to walk")

    ► 介系詞質詞 (eg. OVER, as in "I went over the hill")

    ► 副詞質詞 (eg. EVEN, as in "even the youngest of them")

    ► 感歎詞 (eg. HELLO, OH)

    ► sentence connectors (eg. SO, as in "so what", WELL, as in "Well, what is it")

    ► Tags or tag questions (sentence-finals) (eg. ... AREN'T WE? ... DIDN'T WE?)

    ► 連接詞 (eg. AND, OR, BUT...)

    由此可延伸...

    「冠詞」可以是「質詞」,可是「質詞」不見得是「冠詞」

    而 PREPOSITION 算是 PARTICLE 的一種

    最常用到的介系詞

    "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and "without."

    參考資料: 頹 + Wikipedia
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