- PeilungLv 61 0 年前最佳解答
Gardens of Perfect Clarity
The Old Summer Palace, known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Clarity (traditional Chinese: 圓明園; simplified Chinese: 圆明园; pinyin: Yunmng Yun, referred to in many books as Yuan Ming Yuan),
Initial construction began in 1707, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi and was on a much smaller scale. It was intended as a gift for the emperor's fourth son, later Emperor Yongzheng. In 1725, under Emperor Yongzheng, the Imperial Gardens were greatly expanded. Yongzheng introduced the waterworks of the gardens which created some of the lakes, streams and ponds which greatly complemented the rolling hills and grounds. Yongzheng also named 28 scenic spots within the garden.
By Emperor Qianlong's reign, the second expansion was well underway. Qianlong personally took interest and directed the expansion works. Qianlong also increased the number of scenic spots in the gardens to 40. By the middle of the 19th century, the Imperial Gardens had undergone expansion in one form or another for over 150 years.參考資料： wikipedia
- Dolly 毛MeiLv 61 0 年前
Old Summer Palace
The Old Summer Palace, known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Clarity (traditional Chinese: 圓明園; simplified Chinese: 圆明园; pinyin: Yunmng Yun, referred to in many books as Yuan Ming Yuan), and originally called the Imperial Gardens (simplified Chinese: 御园; traditional Chinese: 御園; pinyin: Y Yun), was a complex of palaces and gardens 8 km (5 miles) northwest of the walls of Beijing, built in the 18th and early 19th century, where the emperors of the Qing Dynasty resided and handled government affairs (the Forbidden City inside Beijing was used only for formal ceremonies).