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圓明園的英文名字和歷史

想請教有關圓明園的英文名字和它的歷史~~~

想請教有關圓明園的英文名字和它的歷史~~~

2 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Gardens of Perfect Clarity

    The Old Summer Palace, known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Clarity (traditional Chinese: 圓明園; simplified Chinese: 圆明园; pinyin: Yunmng Yun, referred to in many books as Yuan Ming Yuan),

    歷史(History)

    Initial construction began in 1707, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi and was on a much smaller scale. It was intended as a gift for the emperor's fourth son, later Emperor Yongzheng. In 1725, under Emperor Yongzheng, the Imperial Gardens were greatly expanded. Yongzheng introduced the waterworks of the gardens which created some of the lakes, streams and ponds which greatly complemented the rolling hills and grounds. Yongzheng also named 28 scenic spots within the garden.

    By Emperor Qianlong's reign, the second expansion was well underway. Qianlong personally took interest and directed the expansion works. Qianlong also increased the number of scenic spots in the gardens to 40. By the middle of the 19th century, the Imperial Gardens had undergone expansion in one form or another for over 150 years.

    參考資料: wikipedia
  • 1 0 年前

    Old Summer Palace

    The Old Summer Palace, known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Clarity (traditional Chinese: 圓明園; simplified Chinese: 圆明园; pinyin: Yunmng Yun, referred to in many books as Yuan Ming Yuan), and originally called the Imperial Gardens (simplified Chinese: 御园; traditional Chinese: 御園; pinyin: Y Yun), was a complex of palaces and gardens 8 km (5 miles) northwest of the walls of Beijing, built in the 18th and early 19th century, where the emperors of the Qing Dynasty resided and handled government affairs (the Forbidden City inside Beijing was used only for formal ceremonies).

    圓明園位於中國北京市區西北的海淀區,是一組清代的大型皇家園林,由圓明園及其附園長春園和綺春園(後改稱萬春園)組成,通稱為「圓明三園」。圓明園規模宏偉,融會了各式園林風格,運用了各種造園技巧,被大多數中國園林學家認為是中國園林藝術史上的頂峰作品。清朝時一些在中國的外國傳教士參觀圓明園之後將其稱作「萬園之園」。

    1860年,圓明園在第二次鴉片戰爭中被英法聯軍焚毀,現僅存遺址。1988年,圓明園遺址被中華人民共和國國務院公佈為第三批全國重點文物保護單位之一,並被中國政府列為「愛國主義教育基地」。圓明園遺址的中部和東部成立了「圓明園遺址公園」,西部地區尚未對遊客開放參觀。

    CTIN國外旅遊圓明園http://travel.network.com.tw/worldguide/p100700.ht...

    參考資料: Google
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