匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

翻成英文 自已翻才可以喔!.....

我國為何要採用核能發電?

台灣自產能源缺乏,97%以上的能源仰賴進口,為了確保國家安全,必須分散能源種類以及分散進口地區;在這個原則下,我國採用水力、燃煤、燃油、燃氣、核能、風力、地熱、燃垃圾、、、等發電方式。就發電成本而言,水力、燃煤、核能均是較經濟的能源,台電公司提供充足及經濟的電力,對我國產業的競爭力甚有助益。許多科技先進的國家及天然能源缺乏的地區,多積極開發核能發電,以取代逐漸枯竭的煤、石油等天然資源。

核能發電對環境的影響如何?

核能電廠是相當乾凈的電廠,經過26年的環境偵測,電廠附近的輻射劑量和背景值相同,也就是說對人、空氣、水文、土壤均無影響。

低階核廢料是科技上可以處理的問題,經過一些年日,它的輻射就會衰變,完全不影響人類及其生存環境。只是大家不喜歡垃圾在自家附近,對它很排斥。用過核燃料可以經過再處理後循環使用。

核能的好處

第一:核能發電不像化石燃料發電那樣排放巨量的污染物質到大氣中,因此核能發電不會造成空氣污染。

第二:核能發電不會產生加重地球溫室效應的二氧化碳。

第三:核能發電所使用的鈾燃料,除了發電外,沒有其他的用途。

第四:核燃料能量密度比起化石燃料高上幾百萬倍,故核能電廠所使用的燃料體積小,運輸與儲存都很方便,一座1000百萬瓦的核能電廠一年只需30公噸的鈾燃料,一航次的飛機就可以完成運送。

第五:核能發電的成本中,燃料費用所佔的比例較低,核能發電的成本較不易受到國際經濟情勢影響,故發電成本較其他發電方法為穩定。

第六:核能可應用於軍事、醫療、能源等用途。

第七:核廢料是製作核子武器的原料之一.

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Why will our country adopt the nuclear energy and generate electricity?

    Taiwan produces the energy by oneself scarcely, more than 97% of the energy is dependent on importing, in order to guarantee country's security, must disperse the energy kind and disperse import areas; Under at this pieces of principle,last water conservancy, fire coal, fuel, gas, nuclear energy, wind-force, geothermol power, not fire rubbish of our country,etc. generate electricity by way. As regards cost of electricity-generating, water conservancy, fire coal, nuclear energy are more economic energy, the electric company of Taiwan offers the sufficient and economic electricity, the competitiveness to the industry of our country is very benefitted. Area where a lot of countries with advanced science and technology and natural energy lack, much to develop the nuclear energy and generate electricity actively, in order to replace such natural resources as gradually exhausted coal, petroleum,etc..

    2008-04-06 16:22:59 補充:

    How about the impact on environment that nuclear energy generate electricity?

    2008-04-06 16:23:30 補充:

    Nuclear energy power plant quite clean power plant, is it examine to detect through environment for one year, the same as background value radiation dosage near the power plant, that is to say that has not influenced people, air, hydrology, soil.

    2008-04-06 16:27:17 補充:

    The nuclear waste material of low steps is problems that can be dealt with the science and technology, through day of some years, its radiation will decay, does not influence mankind and his living environment at all.

    2008-04-06 16:27:52 補充:

    Everybody just like rubbish in near being own, repel very much it. By can be recycled to cross the nuclear fuel after dealing withing.

    2008-04-06 16:28:14 補充:

    Advantage of the nuclear energy:

    First: The polluter that the nuclear energy generates electricity and does not discharge huge quantity like the thing that the fossil fuel generates electricity gets to the atmosphere, so the nuclear energy generates electricity will not cause the air pollution.

    2008-04-06 16:28:38 補充:

    Second: The nuclear energy will not produce the carbon dioxide which aggravate the greenhouse effects of the earth while generating electricity.

    Third: The uranium fuel that the nuclear energy generates electricity and uses, except generating electricity, there are no other uses.

    2008-04-06 16:30:25 補充:

    Fourth: Nuclear fuel energy density fuel high to have several million compared with fossil, so nuclear energy fuel power plant use small, it is all

    2008-04-06 16:31:44 補充:

    very convenient to transport and store, a nuclear energy power plant of 1 billion watts only takes 30 metric tons of uranium fuel in one year, the plane of a voyage can be finished transporting.

    2008-04-06 16:32:16 補充:

    The fifth: In the cost that the nuclear energy generates electricity, the proportion that the fuel expenses account for is relatively low, the cost that the nuclear energy generates electricity is more difficult to be influenced by

    2008-04-06 16:32:33 補充:

    the international economic situation, so the cost of electricity-generating is more steady than other power generating method.

    2008-04-06 16:32:50 補充:

    The sixth: The nuclear energy can be applied to such uses as military, medical treatment, energy,etc..

    2008-04-06 16:33:02 補充:

    The seventh: The nuclear waste material is one of the raw materials which are made nuclear weapons.

    參考資料: 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己
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