? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文數字倍率的文法 (高手請進)

以下有幾個關於數字比例的句子,這幾個寫法是參考文法書練習的,請看寫法是否正確?另外,這樣的寫法在學術的文章裡,會覺得用法正確還是難以閱讀?有更好的建議寫法?

感謝高手回答

Q: A城 和 B城在收入部份相近 (差一百元),但B城的房租是A城的三倍

A1: The rent in B is 3 times as that in A, while they have similar salaries.

A2: A and B have only 100 dollars in the difference in salary, whereas there are 3 times rent in the latter than that in the former.

A3: A and B have only 1000 dollars in the difference in salary, whereas the amount of rent increased 3 times from the former to the latter.

Q: A城 的收入是 B城的三倍,但A城 的房租只有B城的兩倍

A1: People in A earned 3 times as much as people in B did whereas only 2 times rent did they pay.

A2: People in A earned 3 times as much as people in B did whereas the latter have only a half of the rent in the former.

1 個解答

評分
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Q: A城 和 B城在收入部份相近 (差一百元),但B城的房租是A城的三倍

    A1: The rent in B is 3 times as that in A, while they have similar salaries.

    => While the household income between City A and City B is comparable, the rent in City B is 3 times (more than) that in City A.

    (3 times more than that is the right grammar usage. You can omit more than)

    A2: A and B have only 100 dollars in the difference in salary, whereas there are 3 times rent in the latter than that in the former.

    => The difference in the household income between City A and City B is 100 dollars; however, the rent is 3 times more in the latter than that in the former.

    ** Whereas means on the contrary. I would suggest using the word “however”. There is nothing wrong with the words “latter” and “former”, but I would suggest using City B and City A as it is clearer. Salary is not the right word to use here because you are comparing household income in two cities instead of the salary between two people.

    A3: A and B have only 1000 dollars in the difference in salary, whereas the amount of rent increased 3 times from the former to the latter.

    => The amount of rent increased 3 times from the former to the latter is not the right translation.

    Q: A城 的收入是 B城的三倍,但A城 的房租只有B城的兩倍

    A1: People in A earned 3 times as much as people in B did whereas only 2 times rent did they pay.

    => The household income in City A is three times (more than) that in City B; however, the rent in City A is only two times that in City B.

    => People in City A earned three times more than people in City B; however, they only paid two times more in rent.

    => People in City A earned three times more than people in City B; however, only 2 times more rent did they pay.

    A2: People in A earned 3 times as much as people in B did whereas the latter have only a half of the rent in the former.

    => People in City A earned 3 times more than people in City B (did); however, the latter paid less than half of the rent.

    參考資料: Myself. Studied English abroad at the age of 11. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
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