小伍 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我翻譯有點專業的英文....(20點)

急需要翻譯...拜託哪位大大幫忙一下!!!請不要用翻譯軟體或網站...語義會怪怪的.....謝謝........

The process involves a review of the literature to identify measures used in previous studies and exploratory interviews with people capable of understanding the nature of the concept being measured (port managers),as suggest by Churchill.

The very basic requirement for a good measure is content validity,which means that the measurement items in an instrument should cover the major conent of a construct. Content validity is usually achieved through a comprehensive literature review, and interviews with practitioners and academicians. The items for port integration in the supply chain were generated based on previous literature.

In order for ports to fulfil their performance goals as well as those of the supply chain, they must be capable of attaining objectives of the supply chain and not merely objectives of efficiency.The items conceptualized to be critical to terminal competitiveness in the supply chain era include issue of cost advantage, quality, reliability,customization and responsiveness to customer's needs. Such items are increasingly regarded as critical in the measurement of contemporary container terminal performance and those that clients will be looking at, whereas traditional measures of efficiency(i.e. how quickly and efficiently containers are loaded/unloaded and passed through port as quantified by throughput) have passed into the zone of expectation for customers. The perforence measures for each item were derived from the literature.

4 個解答

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  • amigo
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The process involves a review of the literature to identify measures used in previous studies and exploratory interviews with people capable of understanding the nature of the concept being measured (port managers),as suggest by Churchill.

    這個程序須審閱文獻以找出以前研究之量度, 以及對那些了解被量測觀念的人們 (即, 港口經理)進行探索性訪談, 如Churchill所建議的。

    The very basic requirement for a good measure is content validity,which means that the measurement items in an instrument should cover the major conent of a construct. Content validity is usually achieved through a comprehensive literature review, and interviews with practitioners and academicians. The items for port integration in the supply chain were generated based on previous literature.

    一個好的量度的最基本要求就是: 內容效度, 意指研究工具之量度項目應涵蓋一個構念(construct) 之主要內容。 通常, 透過廣泛的文獻審閱 以及訪談實務業者與學者來達成內容效度。供應鏈內之港口整合的量度項目, 是根據以前的研究而產生的 (or, 口語: 而得到的)。

    In order for ports to fulfil their performance goals as well as those of the supply chain, they must be capable of attaining objectives of the supply chain and not merely objectives of efficiency.The items conceptualized to be critical to terminal competitiveness in the supply chain era include issue of cost advantage, quality, reliability,customization and responsiveness to customer's needs. Such items are increasingly regarded as critical in the measurement of contemporary container terminal performance and those that clients will be looking at, whereas traditional measures of efficiency(i.e. how quickly and efficiently containers are loaded/unloaded and passed through port as quantified by throughput) have passed into the zone of expectation for customers. The perforence measures for each item

    were derived from the literature.

    港口為了能完成它們的總績效目標以及供應鏈的總績效目標, 它們必須能達到供應鏈的個別目標而不僅僅達到效率目標而已。對供應鏈內之貨櫃集散站的競爭性極為重要的(極具關鍵性的)量度項目包括: 成本優勢, 品質可靠性, 客製化, 及對顧客之回應。 這些項目在量測現代(當代)貨櫃集散站的績效, 及顧客未來所追尋之績效, 越來越被認為是極為重要的(極具關鍵性的) 而傳統的效率量度(即, 以吞吐量量化的貨櫃裝卸及通過港口之速度與效率)對顧客而言已進入預期區 (or, 口語: 已在顧客預期). 每個項目之績效量度是衍生自以前之文獻。

    2008-05-16 02:07:30 補充:

    Hi,小伍

    For your reference,

    TRADITIONAL MEASURES OF EFFICIENCY ...HAVE PASSED INTO THE ZONE OF EXPECTATIONS FOR CUSTOMERS: 對顧客而言已進入預期區 (or, 口語: 已在顧客預期)

    意指: -- 傳統的效率量度-- 早就是顧客預期之重要項目而無須再研究.

    Bye and good luck!

    jmclin8@yahoo.com.tw

    參考資料: myself, myself
  • 1 0 年前

    過程介入文學的回顧辨認措施被使用在早先研究和與人的試探性採訪能瞭解概念的本質被測量(港managers), 和建議由Churchill 。

    一個好措施的非常基本要求是美滿的有效性, 意味測量項目在儀器應該包括少校conent 修建。美滿的有效性通常達到通過全面文學與實習者和院士的回顧, 和採訪。項目為港綜合化在供應鏈引起了根據了早先文學。

    了口岸履行他們的業績目標並且那些供應鏈,

    他們必須是能不僅僅獲得供應鏈的efficiency.The 項目宗旨和宗旨被概念化對終端競爭性至關重要在供應鏈時代包括費用好處、質量、可靠性、定製和快速響應的問題對用戶需求。這樣項目更需越來越被看待在當代容器終端表現和那些的測量, 客戶看, 但是efficiency(i.e. 傳統措施多容器快和高效率地是loaded/unloaded 並且通過通過口岸依照被定量生產量) 通過了入期望區域為顧客。perforence 措施為各個項目從文學被獲得了。

  • Vicky
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    = = 一直看到有人用翻譯軟體~~~

    自己翻譯的回答速度,實在比不上機器翻的啊~~(哀)

  • 可兒
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    The process involves a review of the literature to identify measures used in previous studies and exploratory interviews with people capable of understanding the nature of the concept being measured (port managers),as suggest by Churchill.

    過程與對進行回顧文學有關鑑定議案在以前研究和探索的接見與人一起內使用, 理解概念的性質中,被測量(港口經理) ,象由丘姬兒建議的那樣。 The very basic requirement for a good measure is content validity,which means that the measurement items in an instrument should cover the major conent of a construct. 一個好措施的非常基本的要求是內容有效, 表明在一台儀器裡的測量項目應該包括架構的主要的conent。 Content validity is usually achieved through a comprehensive literature review, and interviews with practitioners and academicians. 內容有效通常透過一綜合的文學取得檢閱,以及與開業醫生和院士的會晤。 The items for port integration in the supply chain were generated based on previous literature.

    項目給港口綜合在供應鏈子內基於以前的文學產生。 In order for ports to fulfil their performance goals as well as those of the supply chain, they must be capable of attaining objectives of the supply chain and not merely objectives of efficiency.The items conceptualized to be critical to terminal competitiveness in the supply chain era include issue of cost advantage, quality, reliability,customization and responsiveness to customer's needs. 為了港口滿足他們的作秀目標和供應鏈子的, 他們必須能實現供應鏈子的目標而不僅efficiency.The 項目的目標 使關鍵給末端競爭性在供應鏈子時代內概念化包括費用利益,質量,可靠性,定做和附應性在用戶需求的發行。 Such items are increasingly regarded as critical in the measurement of contemporary container terminal performance and those that clients will be looking at, whereas traditional measures of efficiency(i.e. 這樣的項目被越來越在當代貨櫃碼頭性能和客戶將看的那些的測量過程中當作為批判性, 鑑於道統議案效率(即 how quickly and efficiently containers are loaded/unloaded and passed through port as quantified by throughput) have passed into the zone of expectation for customers. The perforence measures for each item were derived from the literature. 因為每個項目由文學而來,perforence 測量。

    參考資料: 不知是否正確 提供你參考
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