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no_nickname 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

麻煩幫我翻譯一段英文翻譯....謝謝~~ ~~

But as Nick observes, the most interesting thing about his example is that the motivation for the use of singular they does not come from either indeterminacy of sex (as with antecedents like anyone) or ignorance about the sex of the referent (as in If you have a partner, you can bring them too), because the inscription was on the wall of a men's bathroom. Given the user population of such establishments, one can be entirely confident that the first writer was a male. That means the third writer could have put He is a prophet. But the fact is that singular they is becoming completely standard, at least among younger Americans, whenever the antecedent is of a sort that could in some contexts refer to either sex. I heard a radio piece about pregnant high-schoolers in which a girl said something like I think if someone in my class was pregnant I would be sympathetic to them. In such cases it's not the inability to assign sex to the referent that drives the selection of singular they, it's the mere fact of the antecedent being quantified or headed by a noun like person that can in other contexts be used of either sex. Mere inferred sex of the referent is not sufficient to force a choice of either he or she.

已更新項目:

= =請勿用翻譯軟體

要不然我早就去找了

你覺得用翻譯軟體看的懂嗎

2 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    但是據 Nick 所觀察, 他所舉的例子中最有意思的部分是將they作為單數使用的動機並非由於不確定性別(如anyone這種先行詞)或未知對象性別(如:「若你有同伴,你也可以帶他們來。」),因為文字是寫在南側的牆上。再使用群眾的基礎上,完全可以確定寫字的人是男性。這代表第三者可以寫成「他是預言家」。然而事實上,至少在美國年輕人群中,當先行詞為模稜兩可的性別時, 單數they的用法漸漸成為標準的使用方式。我曾經聽見一則關於高中生懷孕的廣播小品,當中一位女孩說了類似的話:「我認為當我的班上有人懷孕時,我會可憐他們。」在此例中,並非不能判定談論對象的性別,因而使用了單數的they,完全只是因為先行詞數量化或是由類名詞(如person)所引導,而在其他文中可作為雙性而已。單單推論出的性別以不足以強制選擇使用he或者she了。

    2008-05-15 14:31:24 補充:

    補充一下,我覺得原文好像少了很多標點符號

    讀起來很困難

    參考資料: 自己
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  • 1 0 年前

    但是當Nick 觀察, 最有趣的事關於他的例子是, 刺激至於對非凡的使用他們不來自或性indeterminacy (和以祖先像任何人) 或無知關於referent 的性(作為如果您有一個夥伴, 您能帶來他們太), 因為題字是在人的衛生間的牆壁上。假使用戶人數的這樣創立, 你可能是整個地確信的第一作家是男性。那意味第三位作家能有投入他是先知。但事實是他們變得完全地標準的那非凡, 至少在更加年輕的美國人之中, 每當前事能在一些上下文提到或者性的是排序。我聽見一個無線電片斷關於懷孕高schoolers 在哪些女孩說某事如我認為如果某人在我的類懷孕我會是有同情心的對他們。這在這些情況下不是無能分配性到駕駛非凡選擇他們的referent, 它是僅僅事實前事由名詞被定量或朝向如可能在其它上下文被使用或者性的人。referent 的僅僅被推斷的性不是充足強迫選擇或他或她。

    希望有幫到到你˙ˇ˙

    參考資料: Yahoo!奇摩搜尋語言工具
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