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品屏 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關語言學概論的問題....

因為老師有作業給我們做 只是說有兩題真的想不出來 

所以想說請各位大大是否幫我想一下該怎麼寫比較好

最好是對語言學有比較有研究的大大來寫會比較好....

因為這是有算分數的.....

題目:

3. The following sentences may be lexically or structurally ambiguous, or both. Provide paraphrases showing you comprehend all the meanings.

a. I laughed at the colorful ball.

b. He was knocked over the punch.

c. The police were urged to stop drinking by the fifth

d. I said I would file it on Thursday.

e. I cannot recommend visiting professor too highly.

f. The license fee for pets owned by senior citizens who have not been altered is

$1.50. (Actual notice)

g. What looks better on a handsome man than a tux? Nothing! (Attributed to Mae West)

h. Wanted: Man to take care of cow that does not smoke or drink. (Actual notice)

i. For sale: Several old dresses from grandmother in beautiful condition. (Actual notice)

j. Time flies like an arrow. ( Hint: There are at least four paraphrases, but some of them require imagination)

15. In sports and games many expressions are " performative." By shouting "You're out!", the first base empire performs an act. Think up

a half- dozen or so similar examples and explain their use.

已更新項目:

還有一題剛剛忘記PO上去ㄉ....如下

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    張小品 你好,你現在應該是在上語意學(semantics)跟語用學(pragmatics)吧!

    呵呵 這個我前幾個月剛好有學到說 其實不難 只是內容太複雜了點 會讓人有點無言= =

    By the way,這些題目我有做過 所以你參考看看我的答案吧!

    如果還有不會的 可以問我

    The following sentences are my correct answers!

    3.Ambiguity;paraphrases

    -------------------------

    a.I laughed at the colorful ball. PS:ball可當做"球"跟"舞會"

    1.At the colorful dance, I laughed.

    2.I found the colorful dance amusing.

    3.I found the colorful toy amusing.

    b.He was knocked over the punch. PS:punch在這裡可當"潘趣酒"(一種用酒,果汁,香料等調和的飲料)跟"拳打"

    1.He was intoxicated by the fruit drink.

    2.He was physically knocked over by the punch bowl.

    3.He was knocked over by a punch from someone's fist.

    c.The police were urged to stop drinking by the fifth. PS:fifth可當形容詞的"第五的"和"五分之一的" 名詞當"第五"和"五分之一"

    1.The police were urged to quit drinking fifths of liquor.

    2.The police were urged to quit drinking alcohol by the fifth of the month.

    3.The police were urged to stop people from drinking whole fifths of liquor.

    4.The police were urged to stop people from drinking liquor by the fifth of the month.

    d.I said I would file it on Thursday. PS:file可當名詞文件夾,公文箱 也可當動詞把...歸檔跟提出(申請等);提起(訴訟等)or把...銼平;把...銼光

    1.It was Thursday when I said I would put it in the file.

    2.It was Thursday when I said I would file it using a rasp.

    3.I said that Thursday I would put it in the file.

    4.I said that Thursday I would file it down using a rasp.

    e.I cannot recommend visiting professor too highly. PS:visiting professor=客座教授

    1.I strongly recommend that you visit professors.

    2.I do not recommend that you visit professors.

    3.I strongly recommend professors who are visiting.

    4.I do not recommend professors who are visiting.

    f.The license fee for pets owned by senior citizens who have not been altered is

    $1.50. (Actual notice)

    1.The license fee for pets owned by unaltered senior citizens is $1.50.

    2.The license fee for unaltered(動物)未閹割的 pets owned by senior citizens is $1.50.

    2008-05-23 16:22:33 補充:

    g.What looks better on a handsome man than a tux? Nothing! (Attributed to Mae West)

    PS:"Nothing!"在這邊有2個意思 可當"沒有" "不要"

    1.A handsome man looks better when he's wearing a tux than when he's wearing anything else.

    2.A handsome man looks better when he's wearing nothing than when he's wearing a tux.

    2008-05-23 16:22:43 補充:

    h.Wanted: Man to take care of cow that does not smoke or drink. (Actual notice)

    1.Wanted: Man who does not smoke or drink to take care of cow.

    2.Wanted: Man to take care of a nonsmoking, nondrinking cow.

    2008-05-23 16:22:51 補充:

    i.For sale: Several old dresses from grandmother in beautiful condition. (Actual notice)

    1.For sale: Several old dresses in beautiful condition from grandmother.

    2.For sale: Several old dresses from grandmother, who is in beautiful condition.

    2008-05-23 16:23:09 補充:

    j. Time flies like an arrow. ( Hint: There are at least four paraphrases, but some of them require imagination)PS:fly在這邊可當動詞(時間)飛逝 名詞:蒼蠅

    1.Time proceeds as quickly as an arrow procceds.

    2.Measure the speed of flies in the same way that you measure the speed of an arrow.

    2008-05-23 16:23:20 補充:

    3.Measure the speed of flies in the same way that an arrow measures the speed of flies.

    4.Measure the speed of flies that are similar to an arrow.

    5.Flies of a particular kind, namely time-flies, are fond of an arrow.

    2008-05-23 16:23:27 補充:

    15.Performatives.

    -----------------

    1.In a game of tag, someone becomes "it" when the person who is currently "it" touches him/her and shouts "You're it!"

    2008-05-23 16:23:35 補充:

    2.A person becomes a knight when the queen says "I dub(授予...稱號) thee(thou的受格)你,汝 Sir Rodney," etc.

    3.In Scrabble, you can challenge the validity of a word by saying "I challenge."

    4.Two people are married when the preacher says "I hereby pronounce you husband and wife."

    2008-05-23 16:24:01 補充:

    5.In card games like pinochle一種撲克牌遊戲(只用九點以上的牌,每種兩張,共四十八張)

    , the bidding is opened when the dealer says "The bid is open."

    就這些 辛辛苦苦打的 希望能獲得你的青睞咧 ^^

    拜託 拜託 拜託了^^

    參考資料: 花了一個小時打的 = =手快廢了, 花的時間超久的>
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