匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我分析一下此句的文法結構,謝謝!

This disparity is all the more remarkable given the striking similaries between the two industries

已更新項目:

對了,請在幫我說明一下remarkable與given 兩字中間,是否有省略了什麼主詞,還是連接詞呢?這兩個字有關係代名詞的省略嗎?謝謝!

2 個已更新項目:

另外,此句怎翻譯比較好呢?

3 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    版主您好:

    這句話的結構[given ...], 是一種獨立分詞片語的慣用型態, 行使副詞的功能, 修飾主要子句.

    [Given AAA, BBB.]

    其中AAA可以是名詞, 也可以是名詞子句.

    可以表示兩種不同的語意:

    1. 根據AAA已經存在的狀況之下, 作出BBB的推論或評論.(=[Considering that ...])

    Given his age, no wonder he would have done such a thing.

    以他的年紀來看, 難怪會作出這樣的事來.

    Given that she is so rich, to buy a Porsche would be a piece of cake for her.

    (以)她這麼有錢(的狀況來看), 買一部保時捷是輕而易舉的.

    Given how fast things change, what can you expect from such a rigid plan?

    (以)事情瞬息萬變(的狀況來看), 如此僵化的計劃能有何用?

    2. 假設AAA存在的狀況之下, 作出BBB的推論或評論.(=[If ...])

    Given the chance, I would certainly do it again.

    有機會的話, 我一定會再做一次.

    Given he likes operas, he will never miss the performance.

    如果他喜歡歌劇, 一定不會錯過這場演出.

    現在來看版主的句子:

    This disparity is all the more remarkable given the striking similarities

    between the two industries.

    比較常見的寫法是:

    Given [the striking similarities between the two industries], this disparity is all the more remarkable.

    在這兩種產業極高的相似度下, 這項差異就顯得更為突出了.

    (屬於第一種用法)

    所以此處並沒有省略什麼關係代名詞.

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  • River
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    This disparity is all the more remarkable given the striking similarities between the two industries

    【文法結構】

    S (主詞) = This disparity

    be = is

    S.C. (主詞補語) = all the more remarkable

    m. (修飾詞) = given the striking similarities between the two industries.

    補充說明『前句』,given是『過去分詞』,所以是『分詞片語』,不是『子句』。

    【後面說明】given (V)+ the striking (m.) similarities (O) + between the two industries (介系詞片語,修飾similarities )

    參考資料: River + teacher
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  • jason
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    拆開看

    主句--this disparity is remarkable

    副詞子句-given the striking similarities between the two industries

    應該是similarities 非similiaries

    希望有幫到

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