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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

急.....兩段關於奧運會的內容.請幫忙翻譯成英文

請大家幫幫忙把這兩段幫我翻譯了謝謝..

奧運會的起源,實際上與古希臘的社會情況有著密切的關系。公元前9-8世紀,希臘氏族社會逐步瓦解。城邦制的奴隸社會逐漸形成,建立了200多個城邦。城邦各自為政。無統一君主。城邦之間戰爭不斷。為了應付戰爭,各邦都有積極訓練士氣。斯巴達城邦兒童從7歲起就由國家撫養,並從事體育、軍事訓練、過著軍事生活。戰爭需要士兵,士兵需要強健身體,而體育是培養能征善戰士兵的有力手段。戰爭促進了希臘體育運動的開展,古奧運會的比賽項目也帶有明顯的軍事烙印。連續不斷的戰事使人民感到厭惡,普遍渴望能有一個賴以休養的生息和平環境。後來斯巴達王和伊利斯王簦訂了“神聖休戰月”條約。于是,為準備兵源的軍事訓練和體育競技,逐漸變為和平與友誼的運動會。

古代奧林匹克運動會是為祭祀克勒斯有關。赫拉克斯因力大無比獲“大力神”的美稱。他在伊利斯城邦完成了常會無法完成的任務,不到半天功夫便掃幹淨了國王堆滿牛糞的牛棚,但國王不想履行贈送300頭牛的許諾,赫拉克斯一氣之下趕走了國王。為了慶賀勝利,他在奧林匹克舉行了運動會。

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Olympic Games; origin, in fact has the close relationship with the

    ancient Greece social situation. B.C. 9-8 century, Greece clan

    society gradually disintegrates. The city-state system's slave society

    formed gradually, has established more than 200 city-states.

    The city-state does things their own way. Non-unified crowned head. Between the city-state the war is unceasing. In order to deal with the war, various nations have train the morale positively. The Sparta

    city-state child from 7 years old by the national foster, and is engaged in the sports, the military training, the military life. The war needs the soldier, the soldier needs the strong body, but the sports is the raise

    can draft the clever in fighting soldier's powerful method. The war

    promoted Greece sports; development, the ancient Olympic Games'

    event also has the obvious military brand mark. The war

    continuously makes the people to feel the loathing, the universal

    hope can have Lai Yi to recuperate lives the peaceful environment.

    Afterward the Sparta king and Elis Wangdeng has subscribed "the

    sacred armistice month" the treaty. Therefore, to prepare the

    manpower resources military training and sports athletics, becomes

    peace and the friendship games gradually.

    參考資料: 字典
  • 1 0 年前

    The origin of the Olympic Games, and in fact the social conditions in ancient Greece had close ties. 9-8 century BC, the Greek clan society gradually disintegrate. City-state system of slave society gradually formed, established more than 200 city-state. Polis fragmentation. No unified monarchy. The war between the city-state. To cope with the war, the states are actively training morale. Sparta 7-year-old children from the city-state since the country from custody, and engage in sports, military training, living a military life. War needs soldiers, soldiers need to maintain a strong body, and sports is to train soldiers to levy Shanzhan a powerful tool. The war has promoted the sport in Greece, the ancient Olympic Games with the event also marked the military stigma. Continuing the war so that the people feel disgusted, the general's desire to have a rest home to the peaceful environment. Later, Sparta Wang and Wang Yi Lisi Deng set a "sacred truce," the treaty. Thus, the manpower resources in preparation for military training and sports competition, and gradually into the Games of peace and friendship.

    The ancient Olympic Games is to worship Kele Si-related. Helakesi be very large because of the "Hercules" reputation. He Yi Lisi in the city completed the regular unable to complete the task in less than a half-day effort will be swept clean of the King of the Cow cow dung piles, but the king did not want to give the promise of 300 cattle, Helakesi Yiqizhixia rush Follow the King. To celebrate the victory, he was held in the Olympic Games.

    2008-05-27 10:45:17 補充:

    Continuing the war .................., the general's desire to have a rest home to the peaceful environment. Later, Sparta Wang and Wang Yi Lisi Deng set a "sacred truce," the treaty. Thus, .......................friendship.

    參考資料: me
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