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塵含 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問一下關於語言學morphology的問題

各位大大!! 請問一下唷~ 我想問一個關於語言學的問題,因為我真的找不到相關的資料,所以只好請求各位大大給我一些意見,那就是阿 我想問 那個 Spanish 的 derivational 跟 inflectional morphology 各是怎麼樣的呢? 可以幫我找一下有例子的!! 或是語言學權威給我一些 idea? 要寫essay用!! 因為我是舉例 English and Spanish 的例子 比較 derivational and inflectional morphology !! 但是我陷在卡在 Spanish derivational morphology 因為我真的找不到例子!!

拜託各位大大幫忙唷!! ^^ 3q

2 個解答

評分
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Spanish derivational morphology

    Word

    Affix

    Category effect

    Meaning of affix

    Llamada

    Desesperado

    -ad-

    V A

    “having undergone V”

    Aseguran

    a-

    A V

    “be given the quality of A”

    Niita

    -it-

    N N

    “small/affectionate N”

    Muchismos

    -ism-

    A A

    “very much/many A”

    Decision

    Embarcacion

    Comunicacion

    Contaminacion

    -ion

    -acion

    V N

    “action or result of V”

    Musicales

    -al-

    N A

    “related to N”

    Humanidad

    -idad

    A N

    “the quality of A”

    Derivational morphology is the part of grammar that deals with the derivations of words. It may change the part of speech of the word that it is added to. So, the [-able] suffix changes transitive verbs like "read" and "write" into adjectives, as in [read able], etc or in Spanish “desagradar“ into “desagradable”.

    Spanish inflectional morphology

    Word

    Affix

    Stem (N, V, A)

    Dimension

    Category

    Escuch

    -

    V

    tense/agreement

    preterite/3sg.

    Lanzaron

    -aron

    V

    tense/agreement

    preterite/3pl.

    Llamada

    -a

    A

    gender

    feminine

    Existen

    -en

    V

    tense/agreement

    present/3pl.

    Extraterestres

    -s

    N

    number

    plural

    Muchos

    -o

    A

    gender

    masculine

    Pudiera

    -iera

    V

    tense/mood/agree.

    imperf./sjn./3sg

    Puede

    -e

    V

    tense/agreement

    present/3sg.

    Debo

    -o.

    V

    tense/agreement

    present/1sg

    Puedes

    -es

    V

    tense/agreement

    present/2sg.

    Desan

    -an

    V

    tense/agreement

    present/2pl.

    .

    2008-06-04 02:00:53 補充:

    I am unable to add more to my answers, so I am adding it here.

    Inflectional morphology is a bound grammatical morphology that is affixed to a word according to rules of syntax (e.g. third-person singular verbal suffix –s).

    2008-06-04 02:01:06 補充:

    They mark properties such as tense, number, gender, case. It does not change meaning or part of speech.

    參考資料: Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With over 32 years of experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
  • 1 0 年前

    You can try to search it on http://www.wikipedia.org/

    They have got a lot of good stuff. :-)

    Good Luck

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