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丞涵 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

韻律學中的register tone 的定義是什麼?感謝你




韻律學中的register tone 的定義是什麼??


1 個解答

  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    register tone


    Tones fall into two broad patterns: Register tone systems and contour tone systems.

    在維基百科對tone的說明中 由linguistics角度分成下列三點

    1. Contour tone 出現在華語(含方言)中最多 Most Chinese languages has contour tone systems, where the distinguishing feature of the tones are their shifts in pitch (that is, the pitch is a contour), such as rising, falling, dipping, or level. 註: 國語(普通話)中有四聲再加輕聲共5個tone 下列網頁提供說明

    2. Register tone出現在Bantu語系中最多 以pitch分別字義 Most Bantu languages, on the other hand, have register tone systems, where the distinguishing feature is the relative difference between the pitches, such as high, mid, or low, rather than their shapes. In many register tone systems there is a default tone, usually low in a two-tone system or mid in a three-tone system, that is more common and less salient than other tones. 註: pitch簡單說就是音樂課裡的音準 do re mi fa so la ti 註:

    Contour Language是非洲語系 在維基百科對此種語言另有說明

    3. 包含以上cantour和register tone二者特性之語言 There are also languages that combine register and contour tones, such as many Kru languages, where nouns are distinguished by contour tones and verbs by register. Others, such as Yoruba, have phonetic contours, but these can easily be analysed as sequences of register tones, with for example sequences of high–low /áà/ becoming falling [âː], and sequences of low–high /àá/ becoming rising [ǎː].

    以上網頁中分別有舉例 我就不多贅述


    許多文獻研究中文體系 多有相關著墨

    對register tone恐要多費心

    2008-06-10 10:54:30 補充:


    參考資料: ELT+Trabslation
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