星辰戀魂 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文問題-關於BE動詞

空中英語教室有一句

people leave the Maldives {thrilled by the beauty they've seen.}

請問thrilled 在這為P.P 為何不見BE動詞?

另外一句

An Internet search reveals {celebrations all the way from May through October.}

為何括弧部分也沒有BE動詞?

已更新項目:

第2個問題補充: 此篇文章是在講端午節,而這句

An Internet search reveals {celebrations all the way from May through October.}

的雜誌解釋為---網路結果顯示,從五月到十月都有慶祝活動---

若把---all the way---刪掉

解釋似乎就不通了(好像該+BE 動詞)???

4 個解答

評分
  • River
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. People leave the Maldives {thrilled by the beauty they've seen.}

    【問題】thrilled 在這為P.P 為何不見BE動詞?

    【回答】因為省略了關係代名詞 (who) 與 be (are)動詞

    People leave the Maldives who are thrilled by the beauty whom they've seen.

    2. An Internet search reveals celebrations all the way from May through October.

    【問題】為何括弧部分也沒有BE動詞?

    【回答】因為這句話是 An Internet search (S) reveals (Vt.) celebrations (O),不需要 be動詞。

    2008-06-19 12:12:52 補充:

    People leave the Maldives thrilled by the beauty they've seen.

    文法說明: thrilled (p.p.) 之前沒有逗點(,) 所以是屬 形容詞 adj. "後位修飾" 非"分詞構句"

    參考資料: River + teacher
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    It is 分詞構句 not 形容詞片語, and you do need to have a comma.

    If a participle phrase comes at the end of a sentence, a comma usually precedes the phrase if it modifies an earlier word in the sentence but not if the phrase directly follows the word it modifies.

    2008-06-28 01:40:27 補充:

    See

    http://www.hse.k12.in.us/staff/rvanlandingham/Docu...

    For example:

    The local residents often saw Ken wandering through the streets.

    (The phrase modifies Ken, not residents.)

    2008-06-28 01:40:53 補充:

    Tom nervously watched the woman, alarmed by her silence.

    (The phrase modifies Tom, not woman. Tom was alarmed by ….)

    2008-06-28 01:41:16 補充:

    So in this case, you do need to have a comma.

    People leave the Maldives.

    People are thrilled by the beauty (that) they've seen.

    => People leave the Maldives thrilled by the beauty they've seen.

    (The phrase modified People, not the Maldives)

    2008-06-28 01:42:26 補充:

    Sorry.

    People leave the Maldives, thrilled by the beauty they've seen.

    (The phrase modified People, not the Maldives)

    For example:

    I woke up this morning.

    I was astounded by the beauty of the sunrise.

    => I work up this morning, astounded by the beauty of the sunrise.

  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    第一句是分詞構句

    如果是形容詞片語, 意思解釋起來會很怪

  • 1 0 年前

    1. People leave the Maldives {thrilled by the beauty they've seen.}

    這是一句「分詞構句」,當兩個子句前後主詞相同時,將其中

    一句的主詞刪除,並將動詞改成V-ing或pp,這就是分詞構句。

    S + V ... + Ving... → 主動 例. He comes running

    S + V ... + pp... → 被動

    可分為這兩句:

    People leave the Maldives.

    They are/ get thrilled by the beauty they've seen.

    因為後面的句子是表被動,意為「對...感到非常興奮」,所以

    在接到第一句後面直接加pp就可以了。

    整句的意思為:

    人們離開了馬爾地夫,對他們所見的美景感到非

    常興奮。

    2. An Internet search reveals {celebrations all the way from May

    through October.}

    這個句子只有一個動詞 reveal,屬於S + V + O 的句型。

    S = An Internet search

    V = reveals

    O = celebrations

    all the way from May through October 是用來修飾 celebrations

    reveal 是一個及物動詞,表示「揭示」,所以它後面會跟著一

    受詞 celebration。reveal celebrations 意思是「揭示慶典」,整句

    的意思為:

    一個網路搜尋引擎揭示所有從5月到10的慶典

    希望有幫到你!

    圖片參考:http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/ugc/rte/smiley_4.gif

    參考資料: 自己
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