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菁芳 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

關於語言學的幾個名詞~20點喔

盡量用中文或用英文(用自己ㄉ話寫喔) 請大家盡量回答 能回答幾個也好 不是光把名詞翻譯成中文喔 要大概解釋一下意思喔 大家幫幫忙囉 我要考試囉

謝謝囉

1.N'(N-bar) 是什麼阿?為何有時N等於N'?

2.T'是什麼?

3.CoordP?Coord?

4.Register tone?contour tone?

5.Homorganic nasal rule?

6.Coarticulation?

7.Neutralization?

8.natural classes?

9.Structure depedent?

10.Minimal Attachmant? Late Closure?

11.unconditioned sound change?

conditioned sound change?

12.stem等於rootㄇ?

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    natural class

    a complete set of sounds that can be described by one or more phonetic features which they have in common

    contour tone

    a tone in a tonal language which shifts from one pitch to another over the course of the syllable or word.

    Register tone

    tones that have relative difference between the pitches, such as high, mid, or low, rather than their shapes

    homorganic nasal rule

    A homorganic nasal rule is a case where the point of articulation of the initial sound is assimilated by the last sound in a prefix. An example of this rule is found in language Yoruba, where ba, "hide", becomes mba, "is hiding", while sun, "sleep", becomes nsun, "is sleeping".

    stem

    root: (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem"

    Unconditioned sound change:

    the development of Old English [u:], every instance of [u:], no matter where it occurred in a word or what sounds were next to it became [au], hus: house, mus: mouse, lus: louse, ut; out...

    Conditioned sound change:

    when the sounds are influenced by the sounds that occur around them. A sound change is influenced by a neighboring sound. The change of [k] to [ts] before [i:] in chide.

    Minimal Attachment

    it is a strategy of parsimony: The parser builds the simplest syntactic structure possible (that is, the one with the fewest phrasal nodes).

    Coarticulation

    the assimilation of the place of articulation of one speech sound to that of an adjacent speech sound. For example, while the sound /n/ of English normally has an alveolar place of articulation, in the word tenth it is pronounced with a dental place of articulation because the following sound, /θ/, is dental.

    the production of a coarticulated consonant, that is, a consonant with two simultaneous places of articulation. An example of such a sound is the voiceless labial-velar plosive /k͡p/ found in many West African languages

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  • neer
    Lv 4
    3 年前

    Homorganic Nasal Rule

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