發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

四題英文文法待解

1. We could have enjoyed ourselves at the party if the weather ____fine.

(A) is (B) was (C) will be (D) had been

2. The acne _____by dalily consumption of the enw medicence gives patients a new hope.

(A) controlled (B) will control (C) has been controlled (D) had controlled

3. In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention than ______water pollution

(A) does (B) it does (C) is (D) it is

4. Dr. Murphy, _____from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

(A) setting sail (B) set sail (C) had set sail (D) he set sail

以上四題麻煩英文達人幫忙解答

謝謝!!

四題答案分別是--DCAB

5 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. We could have enjoyed ourselves at the party if the weather ____fine.

    (A) is (B) was (C) will be (D) had been

    此句的用法是使用「假設語氣」

    假設語氣的公式很一定

    所以只要記得規律就會使用

    S-主詞

    Ved-過去式動詞

    P.P.過去分詞

    【現在假設】

    If + S + were / Ved...,

    S + would/could/should/might + 原形動詞.....

    【過去假設】

    If + S + had+P.P(過去分詞)...,

    S + would/could/should/might + have+ 原形動詞 .....

    ※would/could/should/might ㄨ /ㄎㄨ /shu/賣 (我都是這樣記憶)

    ○當你看到主要子句

    We could have enjoyed ourselves at the party.

    可以推得用 過去完成式

    ●因此答案是 had been

    2. The acne _____by dalily consumption of the enw medicence gives patients a new hope.

    (A) controlled (B) will control (C) has been controlled (D) had controlled

    我第一眼覺得答案是 A(錯的)

    可是 acne必須用被動形式

    因為他不會自己控制自己

    所以用被動

    但是本題選項沒有 is controlled

    所以推得把時態往後退一步 用過去完成式

    ●所以選答案D

    3. In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention than ______water pollution

    (A) does (B) it does (C) is (D) it is

    這是使用「省略句」

    當我說

    A: I enjoy the dinner.

    和我同行的人可以回答

    B: So do I.

    或是

    A: I am happy.

    B: So am I.

    回答一樣的想法或是動詞一樣

    可用省略句

    ○此句是動詞相同...選A

    ●In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention than ______water pollution

    noise pollution 噪音污染

    water pollution 水污染

    都用單數動詞 (必須用助動詞 does 來替代重複的動詞)

    沒有倒裝時

    (但是省略句和倒裝讓句子更簡潔有力更漂亮,作文經常用到)

    是這樣的:

    In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention thanwater pollution receives less attention. (沒有省略和倒裝.)

    或是

    In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention thanwater pollution does.(省略了 但是沒有倒裝)

    4. Dr. Murphy, _____from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

    (A) setting sail (B) set sail (C) had set sail (D) he set sail

    set set set

    set是屬於三態同型的動詞(let、hit等等都是)

    所以主詞的動作雖然是主動

    但是是過去式

    和後面動作必須一致

    ●答案選B

    2008-07-07 17:39:41 補充:

    打的很匆促

    有錯請糾正

    2008-07-07 19:20:13 補充:

    「挑戰英文文法」 龍騰文化出版

    我現在大學 不時會拿出來參考

    高中老師用的書

    很棒

    黃愛倫 陳賢編著

    【補充】

    (1)I wish+假設語氣

    用法如上

    和現在事實相反用【現在假設】

    和過去事實相反用【過去假設】

    (2)as if

    S+V...as if + S +V

    後面那句子句

    和現在事實相反用【現在假設】

    和過去事實相反用【過去假設】

    2008-07-07 19:38:55 補充:

    回答者: Mitchell

    說的第4題

    我也覺得是可以這樣解釋

    用『分詞片語』來解釋

    Dr. Murphy, setting sail from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

    原句:

    Dr. Murphy, who set sail from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

    2008-07-07 19:39:02 補充:

    此時的set是過去式

    把who 去掉的用法是「分詞構句」結合「關係代名詞」

    (參考「挑戰英文文法」153頁和 chapter.9)

    以連接詞連接時

    把相同的主詞去掉的簡潔用法

    去掉連接詞之後

    再把set改成setting

    因為Dr. Murphy是人→用主動是 ing形式....

    →這是分詞片語的用法

    →所以這個概念

    是可選『A』

    →這是進階的觀念

    單純一些的話

    用「動詞形式」來解題

    →『B』

    2008-07-09 14:55:29 補充:

    (補充給你)

    後來我有跟朋友討論

    第四題

    答案是 (a)

    因為 (b)是動詞,在沒有「連接詞」的情況之下,不能跟attempted分享同一主詞

    有多個動詞共用同一主詞的時候,一定要用分詞構句,或是連接詞來連接各動詞

    所以用(a)選項

    才能正確解釋

    分詞構句(分詞片語)用法

    參考資料: 自己, 我的想法 有錯請糾正, 我的想法 有錯請糾正
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    I agree with Yehoo.

    The sentence can be broken down like this:

    The acne is (or has been) controlled by daily consumption of the new medicine

    This (fact) gives patient a new hope.

    This = That the acne has been controlled by daily consumption of the new medicine.

  • frank
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    1. We could have enjoyed ourselves at the party if the weather had been fine.

    假設語氣

    表示與過去事實相反的假設或想像,<副詞子句>的<動詞>用<過去完成式>,{主要子句}<動詞>用<助動詞>+<HAVE>+{過去分詞}。

    2. The acne has been controlled by dalily consumption of the enw medicence gives patients a new hope.

    招數: The acne 主詞 gives 動詞

    has been controlled by dalily consumption of the enw medicence 這一整段是形容片語 修飾 acne 不是句子的動詞喔 如果你這關過不了 無法理解 這堤你就難選囉

    acne 粉刺 ㄧ種疾病 那是單數主詞 所對應是不是要第三人稱單數動詞 gives ?

    3. In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention than does water pollution

    我圈起來地方是要考你倒裝句的寫法

    前句 noise pollution 主詞 receives 當動詞 ( 單數 )

    那 less than 之後 的句子 可以用倒裝寫法 來強調喔

    問題寫倒裝時 要把主詞動詞互換

    遇 ㄧ般動詞 是不是用助動詞 do 或 does 來寫勒 ? 沒錯

    當然跟 noise pollution 做比較的另一個東西 water pollution 都是單數都主詞喔喔喔喔喔用 does 跟 receives

    4. Dr. Murphy, set sail from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

    最後ㄧ題 我用消去法來解釋

    (A) setting sail (B) set sail (C) had set sail (D) he set sail

    Dr. Murphy 主詞 attempted 動詞 .....記得喔

    這題老師考你 set 三態 過去分詞還是set

    來模糊學生

    , set sail from the south in a craft, 這逗點裡面 是算個形容詞片語以過去分詞 來修飾 主詞Dr. Murphy 說明被從南航行於...

    這有被動語態的意味 所以用過去分詞set

    set sail 這裡把它看成是一組字

    (A) setting sail (B) set sail (C) had set sail (D) he set sail

    A 錯 不可以用現在分詞來當形容詞片語 因為不是主動語態

    (C) had set sail 錯

    多一個had 那表示 動詞多一個出現

    (D) he set sail 錯

    逗點裡面 有主詞 跟動詞 更是錯

    ㄧ個句子裡 只有一個主詞跟動詞

    參考資料: 自己
  • Yehoo
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    m~

    答案是

    D C A A

    2008-07-07 18:01:16 補充:

    第2題的題目要將that 加在句首, 否則會造成誤解

    That the acne has been controlled by daily consumption of the new medicine gives patients a new hope.

    否則, 就寫成

    It gives patients a new hope (that) the acne has been controlled by daily consumption of the new medicine.

    用 it 虛主詞代替名詞子句, 這時 that 可省略

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  • Mitch
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    1. We could have enjoyed ourselves at the party if the weather had been fine.

    過去式假設語句, (if A,B ),A和B都要用過去完成式。

    2. (That) The acne has been controlled by dalily consumption of the enw medicence gives patients a new hope.

    藍字整句是that子句當主詞,省略了that。

    青春痘藉著每日使用新藥方已被控制,給了病人新希望

    3. In my opinion, noise pollution receives less attention than does water pollution.

    than後面是倒裝句,原句是than water pollution does. 注意如果是 than it does,用代名詞當主詞就不能倒裝的。

    4. Dr. Murphy, setting sail from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace.

    Murphy醫生(或博士),在船上從南方揚帆,試著要證明他關聯性的學說。

    中間應該是分詞子句,揚帆是主動式,因此用(A)setting sail 才對,請再確認你的答案。用set sail的話,整句需用同位語,說成:

    Dr. Murphy, who set sail from the south in a craft, attempted to prove his theory of relevnace. 注意who當主詞是不能省略的。

    參考資料: My English knowledge
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