- 1 0 年前最佳解答
傳說當天主教傳教士登陸不列顛諸島的時候，傳教士們為了壓制這種被他們視為異端的德魯伊傳統，就把這一天之後的11月第一天定為萬聖節，紀念天主教的聖人們，希望以此打壓這些鬼怪觀念。不過，諸聖日實際應源自天主教在意大利和高盧的一個隱修會本篤會（Order of Saint Benedict），本篤會會士一向習慣在十一月一日的晚課中為亡者誦經，受這傳統所影響，後來教會把11月1日定為諸聖日。萬聖節和鬼節的習俗，主要是在英倫三島和北美的前英屬殖民地，也就是美國、加拿大、澳大利亞、新西蘭等地。其中美國的萬聖夜傳統，最初由來自愛爾蘭和蘇格蘭的移民於19世紀傳入，而其他發達國家則於20世紀末受美國流行文化影響而開始慶祝萬聖夜。
The modern holiday of Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain . The festival of Samhain is a celebration of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture, and is sometimes regarded as the "Celtic New Year". Traditionally, the festival was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and slaughter livestock for winter stores. The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundary between the alive and the deceased dissolved, and the dead become dangerous for the living by causing problems such as sickness or damaged crops. The festivals would frequently involve bonfires, where the bones of slaughtered livestock were thrown. Costumes and masks were also worn at the festivals in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or placate them.
The term Halloween (and its alternative rendering Hallowe'en) is shortened from All-hallow-even, as it is the eve of "All Hallows' Day",which is now also known as All Saints' Day. It was a day of religious festivities in various northern European Pagan traditions, until Popes Gregory III and Gregory IV moved the old Christian feast of All Saints' Day from May 13 (which had itself been the date of a pagan holiday, the Feast of the Lemures) to November 1.
2008-07-13 22:48:20 補充：
In the ninth century, the Church measured the day as starting at sunset, in accordance with the Florentine calendar. Although All Saints' Day is now considered to occur one day after Halloween,
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the two holidays were, at that time, celebrated on the same day. Liturgically, the Church traditionally celebrated that day as the Vigil of All Saints, and, until 1970, a day of fasting as well. Like other vigils,
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it was celebrated on the previous day if it fell on a Sunday, although secular celebrations of the holiday remained on the 31st.
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The Vigil was suppressed in 1955,
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but was later restored in the post-Vatican
2008-07-13 22:50:40 補充：
II calendar. good luck~~~~
- 1 0 年前
生活是由神明所主宰的。相信死亡之神 Samhain在１０月 ３１
2500 years ago, the Celts living in the Great Britain believed that hum
an is mastered by gods.They also believed that Samhain, the death go
d,would come back to the earthly world with the dead at the night on
October 3l. The Celts built bonfires and fired animals as sacrificial off
erings to the death god. Some Celts were dressed in costumes made fr
om animal heads or furs, which was the origin of contemporary Hallo
ween masquerade. The night of the death god was a horrifying time th
at signified the coming of winter and was the beginning of Halloween
eve. Today, the religious meaning of Halloween has been weaken; ins
tead, the holiday expresses man's cherishing memory of Halloween vi
a innovative, everchanging modern masquerade.