promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英語文法分析

某教材句子Passengers can feel their heavy boat being moved up and down while going

through the locks of the Three Gorges Dam.(旅客行經三峽大壩水閘之際,會感到沈重的船隻隨著水位上下移動)

請分析being是如何來的? 可否省略?

已更新項目:

這個句子不能寫成Passengers can feel their heavy boat moved up and down while going

through the locks of the Three Gorges Dam嗎?

就像Mary bought a camera (which was) made in Japan. 直接省略which was 只剩 made

5 個解答

評分
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Passengers can feel their heavy boat being moved up and down while going

    through the locks of the Three Gorges Dam.

    請分析being是如何來的? 可否省略?

    It will be easy to understand the grammar structure by breaking apart the sentence.

    (1) Passengers can feel that.

    (2) Their heavy boat is being moved up and down. (Passive voice: indicating that the boat is being moved by the water – Present progressive tense. 被動現在進行式 – is being moved)

    “That” is used to describe the feeling that their heavy boat is being moved up and down.

    You can combine two sentences into:

    => Passengers can feel their heavy boat that is being moved up and down.

    = Passengers can feel their heavy boat being moved up and down. (omit “that is”)

    ** Here, “that” is used to combine two sentences.

    If you omit the word “being”, it states a fact that is present but not progressive. (指現在式非現在進行式)

    (1) Passengers can feel that.

    (2) Their heavy boat is moved up and down. (Passive voice: indicating that the boat is moved by the water – Present tense. 現在式)

    => Passengers can feel their heavy boat that is moved up and down.

    = Passengers can fee their heavy boat moved up and down. (omit “that is”. Past participle - 分詞構句, 過去分詞, 被動: “moved up and down” is used to modify the noun: their heavy boat)

    See http://www2.gsu.edu/~wwwesl/egw/tenses.htm for details on verb tense.

    ** By the way, you can use a middle voice instead of a passive voice for the 2nd sentence. => Their boat is moving up and down.

    In that case, the sentence will change to:

    =>Passengers can feel their heavy boat that is moving up and down

    = Passengers can feel their heavy boat moving up and down. (In this example, you are using present participle -分詞構句,現在分詞, instead of past participle)

    See

    http://tw.group.knowledge.yahoo.com/english-forum/... .

    2008-07-29 00:30:16 補充:

    (2) Their heavy boat is being moved up and down.

    (3) The boat goes through the locks of the Three Gorges.

    When is their heavy boat being moved up and down? It is when their heavy boat is going through the locks of the Three Gorges.

    2008-07-29 00:30:38 補充:

    You can combine two sentences into:

    => Their heavy boat is being moved up and down while it is going through the locks of the Three Gorges.

    = Their heavy boat is being moved up and down while going through the locks of the Three Gorges. (omit “it is”. Present participle -分詞構句,現在分詞,主動)

    2008-07-29 00:30:59 補充:

    = Their heavy boat is moved up and down, going through the locks of the Three Gorges.

    For details on 分詞構句, see grammar site from Purdue University.

    http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/02/

    2008-07-29 00:35:24 補充:

    Sorry a typo:

    Passenger can "feel", not "fee".

    Your question around "Mary bought a camera made in Japan" states 指過去式非過去進行式).

    參考資料: Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992., Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992., Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 1 0 年前

    回答這都好棒!!

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • ?
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    being 不能省略!

    原句: Passengers can feel their heavy boat which is moved up and down

    while they go through the locks of the Three Gorges Dam.

    當我們覺得句子太過冗長時, 我們可以省略一些字使原句意不

    變但又合文法.

    (1)

    關係代名詞 + Be 時可省略關代, 但此時的 Be 必需變更動詞型態以符合

    原題意: 被動式不能改變.

    因此這句話才變成: Passengers can feel their heavy boat being moved up

    and down

    (2)

    while they go through the locks .... 的they 被省略則因 while 連接的子句的

    主詞與前一句相同都是 passengers, 所以才省略. 而當主詞省略,又是主動語態

    時就直接在動詞後加 ing 即可.

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 1 0 年前

    大大您的要的分析我分為三部份,比較容易易懂。

    1. 拆解

    3. 文法

    "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~" (分線) "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"

    1. 拆解

    因為英文有分主要句子結構(主句),和次要句子結構(從句),所以首先我們必須清楚的做分隔。

    「Passengers can feel their heavy boat being moved up and down.」

    此句為「主句」,也就是作者想要表達的意思。

    「while going through the locks of the Three Gorges Dam.」

    此句為「從屬子句」,也就是「主句的時間」。

    拆解後可接著下依步驟

    "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~" (分線) "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"

    2. 句型

    主句句型為: 主詞 + 動詞 + 受詞 + 補語

    也就是:Passengers + can feel + their heavy boat + being moved up and down.

    且補語強調受詞a heavy boat「被某不明確的力量」移動著,換句話說,移動船的「主詞」不明確,故需用被動語態。

    "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~" (分線) "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"

    3. 文法

    被動語態之規則為: Be動詞 + 過去分詞

    且用於補語 (由動詞為首的補語需用V-ing開頭)

    所以being moved在此句不可省略,否則犯了文法錯誤。

    "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~" (分線) "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"

    總結

    大大是可以刪除being,但是moved須改為moving,但這樣做句子就不會有原本被動之意思了。

    "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~" (分線) "~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"~~"

    希望這樣會清楚一些喔^^

    2008-07-28 03:01:05 補充:

    上面

    1. 拆解

    2. 句型

    3. 文法

    不知道為什麼不見嚕= =|||

    參考資料: 有問題歡迎來信喔^^
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 您覺得這個回答如何?您可以登入為回答投票。
  • 1 0 年前

    若想省略 那也必需大幅度改變句子

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。