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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

幾題英文選擇題,對正確解答有疑惑,請幫幫我

1. I ___ my boyfriend to give up smoking, but in vain.

a. convinced b. persuaded c. advised d. supported

答案是c

但b也可以吧?

Persuad和advise後面都是加不定詞,不是嗎?

2. that ___ Steve. I know that he is still out of the country.

a.couldn’t be b. couldn’t have been c. wouldn’t be d. wouldn’t have been

答案給b耶,為什麼呢?

3. ____ a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

a. having been b. as c. being d. such

答案給的是c

應該是因為主詞一樣、去主詞去連接詞變成的

She is a good cellist and she was hired by the orchestra.

去第一個she和and

所以變成being a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

可是,為什麼選b的as不行?

As不是可以當成”身為”嗎?

4. we can have a party at my house if everyone promises to help me ____up.

a.clean b. cleaned c. have cleaned d. to have cleaned

答案給a 完全不懂為什麼??

我覺得好像沒有正確答案,應該是to clean

5. your bill ____ $500.

a. comes up b. comes out c. comes to d. comes on

答案給c

但是我查過,comes out好像也有總計的意思,跟comes to哪邊不同嗎?

6. in the poem the passing of time is ___ the flowing of a river.

a.compared as b. compared with c. compared by d. compared to

答案是d,但可以解釋一下,compared with和加to有什麼不同嗎?

4 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    版主您好:

    1. 這題的關鍵不在文法, 而是語法.

    [convince]與[persuade]本身都含有"(已經)說服"的語意. 因此, 以它們當主要動詞時, 幾乎都是用過去式. 那麼如果要表達"未來"或"尚未成功"的動作呢?

    I think I can/will persuade him into this.

    He tried to convince his father that he was honest.

    如果選[persuade], 表示已經說服, 就不會有句子後段所說的狀況發生了, 不是吗? 因此選[advised], 只是建議/勸說, 並不一定被採行.

    2. 這題的考點在[假設/推論]語氣.

    您設想一下講這句話時的場景:

    有人對你說: 我昨天在夢時代看到Steve耶!

    你回答: 那不可能是Steve, 我知道他現在人還在國外呢.

    [could]可以表達對事情的推測. 對當下或未來, 直接用[could V]; 但是[could]沒有過去式, 所以對過去的推測, 用[could have p.p.].

    或許您會說, 那如果當場有人說看到遠處有一個很像Steve的人, 您會回答:

    That can't be Steve. I know ...

    這是比[could]更有把握的推測.

    3. 您應該已經了解"分詞構句"的基本架構, 不過:

    Being a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

    這句真正的意思是:

    Because she was a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

    前後存在著因果關係, 而非單純的[and]連接.

    如果一定要用[as], 也要寫成:

    As she was a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra. (同樣有因果關係)

    就如您所說, [as 身份]是一種表示法, 但是就必須寫成:

    As a cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

    She was hired as a cellist by the orchestra.

    她被這個樂團網羅為旗下的大提琴手. (沒有因果關係)

    加上[good], 語意就顯得不合理.

    4. 您的看法是對的, 但是[help to V]的[to]經常被老外省略, 國內的考試就喜歡拿來出題.

    5. 您的看法是對的, 不過如果要用[come out], 後面必須再加上[at](或[to be]也行), 其功能相當於[come to]的[to], 兩者都是介系詞, 來連接不及物動詞[come]及受詞[$500].

    [out]是副詞, 修飾[come].

    6. 樓上大大已經說得很多, 簡單說, [compare with]是"比較", [compare to]是比喻.

  • 1 0 年前

    kevin 大師..100分..

  • 1 0 年前

    第一題是advise不是convince, 也不是persuade. 這不是to不to的問題, 而是in vain (沒有用).

    I persuded...是過去, 表示"說服"這件事已成功, 但這樣就不能in vain.

    你可以說 I tried to persuade...這樣, 後面就可以in vain.

  • 1 0 年前

    答案是c

    但b也可以吧?

    Persuad和advise後面都是加不定詞,不是嗎?

    [這題答案有錯,是b]

    2. 答案給b耶,為什麼呢?

    [[這題沒錯]

    3. 答案給的是c

    應該是因為主詞一樣、去主詞去連接詞變成的

    She is a good cellist and she was hired by the orchestra.

    去第一個she和and

    所以變成being a good cellist, she was hired by the orchestra.

    可是,為什麼選b的as不行?

    As不是可以當成”身為”嗎?

    [being是身為沒錯,至於As,看後面的主詞是she 而這個他是被併聘was hired的所以不能選as,如果是As 當聚首的話,後面大多不會用被動]

    4. 答案給a 完全不懂為什麼??

    我覺得好像沒有正確答案,應該是to clean

    [是 clean 沒錯,因為 help 人 (to) V. 的to 可以省略,這是通常的用法。類似的像是not only, but (also) 的also一樣都可以省略]

    5. 答案給c

    但是我查過,comes out好像也有總計的意思,跟comes to哪邊不同嗎?

    [是c 沒錯,ome out 的話後面還應該要加 to be. 而come to 就是算出來的結果]

    6.答案是d,但可以解釋一下,compared with和加to有什麼不同嗎?

    [這是用來比喻,而不是和什麼比喻!所以to是正確的喔。]

    *1一般來講,compare with指"(對同類事、物)比較"。

    而compare to則是"把...比作...;譬喻"之意。

    請注意:現代英語有個趨勢:"比較"一詞用compare with或compare to均可。但"譬喻"一詞仍要用compare to,不能用compare with。

    *2"能和...相比"可說can compare with sth.,也可說can compare to sth.,此句式常用於否定。

    *3(as)compared with(或to)

    和...相比較。

    Your house is a place as compared to(with) mine.

    你的房子同我的房子比起來,可謂是座宮殿。

    *4compare亦可作名詞,等於comparison,但多用於固定說法。如:

    beyond(past,或without) compare

    無可比擬。

    舉例:

    #1-1

    She compared the first edition of the dictionary with the second.

    她對這部詞典的第一版和第二版進行了比較。

    #1-2

    He compared the heart to a pump.

    他把心臟比作幫浦。

    #2-1

    In terms of peace and quiet, city life cannot compare with (或 to) life in the country.

    在寧靜這方面,城市生活不能與鄉下生活相比。

    變形:compares;compared;comparing

    以上回答提供參考

    祝身體健康 天天開心

    參考資料: 自己+網路
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