chapter eleven 為何可以用來形容「破產」?
如題，人家常常說這家公司 chapter 11 了，就是說這家公司破產或是倒閉了，為什麼要用 chapter 11 來形容破產呢? 典故出自哪裡呢? 謝謝!
- Wayne ChenLv 71 0 年前最佳解答
Chapter 11 is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. Chapter 11 bankruptcy is available to any business, whether organized as a corporation or sole proprietorship, or individuals with unsecured debts of at least $336,900.00 or secured debts of at least $1,010,650.00, although it is most prominently used by corporate entities. In contrast, Chapter 7 governs the process of a liquidation bankruptcy, while Chapter 13 provides a reorganization process for the majority of private individuals with unsecured debts of less than $336,900.00 and secured debts of less than $1,010,650.00 as of April 1, 2007.
When a troubled business is unable to service its debt or pay its creditors, the business or its creditors can file with a federal bankruptcy court for protection under either chapter 7 or chapter 11. In chapter 7, the business ceases operations and a trustee sells all of its assets and distributes the proceeds to its creditors. A chapter 11 filing is usually an attempt to stay in business while a bankruptcy court supervises the "reorganization" of the company's contractual and debt obligations. The court can grant complete or partial relief from most of the company's debts and its contracts, so that the company can make a fresh start. Sometimes, if the business's debts exceed its assets, then at the completion of bankruptcy the company's owners all end up without anything; all their rights and interests are ended and the company's creditors are left with ownership of the newly reorganized company.
- JeffLv 71 0 年前
There are two types of corporate bankruptcy: Liquidation and business reorganization.Chapter 7 and 11 in the Federal Bankruptcy Law refer to liquidation and business reorganization respectively.
- 1 0 年前
Chapter 11 是美國破產法中的一章，主要是談公司破產後重整的部分。Chapter 11適用於任何商業型態，不論是公司或是獨資企業，甚至有時可以用在個人，但它大多數是用於公司企業。參考資料： 維基百科
- mRC.-Lv 71 0 年前