匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

想請教where 和which的分別

唸到一句話

I'ts a place where you can borrow books.

請問這句的where 可以換成which嗎

where 和which的用法要怎麼分 謝謝各位

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

    It's a place where you can borrow books.

    先分解為:

    It's a place.

    You can borrow books from a place.

    關係代名詞是將相同的部份省略~

    這句話相同的部份是"a place"~

    故以which連接~

    變成:

    It's a place which you can borrow books "from".

    記得,"which"只有取代"a place"

    "from"還須寫上~

    而這整句話可以講"from"放到"which"前面~

    變成:

    It's a place "from" which you can borrow books.

    再看到我一開始說的~

    where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

    所以from which=where

    故此句又變為你讀到的:

    It's a place where you can borrow books.

    PS1

    which當受詞雖可以省略~

    但是It's a place from which you can borrow books.

    不可變為It's a place from you can borrow books.

    PS2

    which雖可以that取代~

    但是It's a place from which you can borrow books.

    不可變為It's a place from that you can borrow books.

    PS3

    where稱為關係副詞

    用法如上面所說:

    where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

    when也是關係副詞

    用法亦為:

    when=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

    EX:July is a month in which the weather is hot.

    =July is a month when the weather is hot.

    PS4

    what是複合關係代名詞

    用法:

    what=先行詞+關係代名詞

    EX:She knows the "thing which" Tim wants.

    =She knows "what" Tim wants.

    參考資料: 曾經也有過相同問題的我~
  • 1 0 年前

    where是關係副詞(關副)

    which是關係代名詞(關代)

    where = 介系詞 + which

    它們的用法必須合乎它們在句中正確的詞性.

    例如:

    It's a place where you can borrow books.

    = It's a place from which you can borrow books.

    = It's a place which you can borrow books from.

    使用介系詞from, 是因為borrow通常與from連用.

    如關係子句的動詞沒有特定連用的介系詞, 就看它與先行詞之間合適的介系詞, 例如:

    This is the house where he lives.

    = This is the house in which he lives.

    = This is the house which he lives in.

    That is the platform where he stands.

    = That is the platform on which he stands.

    = That is the platform which he stands on.

    參考資料: 翻譯經驗
  • 1 0 年前

    這是關係代名詞的用法阿

    where= in which

    不能直接用which阿

    因為place是地方..所以要用where

    如果是東西的話就可以用which

    例:I like the book which is on the table.

    book(書)是東西..所以要用which!!

    參考資料: 自己
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