# 想請教where 和which的分別

I'ts a place where you can borrow books.

where 和which的用法要怎麼分 謝謝各位

### 3 個解答

• 1 0 年前
最佳解答

where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

It's a place where you can borrow books.

先分解為：

It's a place.

You can borrow books from a place.

關係代名詞是將相同的部份省略~

這句話相同的部份是"a place"~

故以which連接~

變成：

It's a place which you can borrow books "from".

記得，"which"只有取代"a place"

"from"還須寫上~

而這整句話可以講"from"放到"which"前面~

變成：

It's a place "from" which you can borrow books.

再看到我一開始說的~

where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

所以from which=where

故此句又變為你讀到的:

It's a place where you can borrow books.

PS1

which當受詞雖可以省略~

但是It's a place from which you can borrow books.

不可變為It's a place from you can borrow books.

PS2

which雖可以that取代~

但是It's a place from which you can borrow books.

不可變為It's a place from that you can borrow books.

PS3

where稱為關係副詞

用法如上面所說：

where=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

when也是關係副詞

用法亦為：

when=介係詞+關係代名詞(EX:which...)

EX：July is a month in which the weather is hot.

＝July is a month when the weather is hot.

PS4

what是複合關係代名詞

用法：

what=先行詞+關係代名詞

EX：She knows the "thing which" Tim wants.

＝She knows "what" Tim wants.

參考資料： 曾經也有過相同問題的我~
• 1 0 年前

where是關係副詞(關副)

which是關係代名詞(關代)

where = 介系詞 + which

它們的用法必須合乎它們在句中正確的詞性.

例如:

It's a place where you can borrow books.

= It's a place from which you can borrow books.

= It's a place which you can borrow books from.

使用介系詞from, 是因為borrow通常與from連用.

如關係子句的動詞沒有特定連用的介系詞, 就看它與先行詞之間合適的介系詞, 例如:

This is the house where he lives.

= This is the house in which he lives.

= This is the house which he lives in.

That is the platform where he stands.

= That is the platform on which he stands.

= That is the platform which he stands on.

參考資料： 翻譯經驗
• 1 0 年前

這是關係代名詞的用法阿

where= in which

不能直接用which阿

因為place是地方..所以要用where

如果是東西的話就可以用which

例:I like the book which is on the table.

book(書)是東西..所以要用which!!

參考資料： 自己