blanc 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

help~請教英文文法達人這句的用法?

Spanish flag carrier Iberia, which is in merger talks with British Airways, reported

on Tuesday that net earnings plunged (請問這邊為什麼不是用were plunged~~

感覺少了個be動詞) by 66 percent in the second quarter, burdened by high

fuel costs.

已更新項目:

我一直有個迷思...不是有BY就一定要用被動式嗎?

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這裡不是被動式

    要看成 The net earnings plunged.

    by是跟 66 percent 在一起 不是plunged by

    請比較下列2句

    Burdened by high fuel costs,the net earnings plunged.

    這裡叫不及物動詞

    The high fuel costs plunged the net earnings.

    這裡叫及物動詞

  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    net earnings plunged 以過去式來表示過去發生的事件

    用 were plunged 則表示被動式

    ex. The tissues samples were plunged into the porcelain bowl.

    2008-08-07 23:40:39 補充:

    net earnings plunged " by" 66 percent

    淨利下跌(達到)66%

    2008-08-07 23:46:46 補充:

    BY (表程度)相差:

    He missed the train by three minutes.

    他晚了三分鐘沒趕上那班火車。

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