匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法說明及詞性

1 only once, in the past ten days had their luck failed them

2 it had been with them when they made their big robbery

3 it had been wiht them duringtheir thousand-mile trip eastward,by car

請幫我解釋以上三句文法(時態語法之類的,可以的話,請詳細些),及其重點字的詞性,先謝謝高手了~~~

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  • 王大
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1 only once, in the past ten days had their luck failed them

    2 it had been with them when they made their big robbery

    3 it had been wiht them duringtheir thousand-mile trip eastward,by car

    請幫我解釋以上三句文法(時態語法之類的,可以的話,請詳細些),及其重點字的詞性,先謝謝高手了~~~

    第一句是個倒裝句, 它的原句為:

    Their luck had failed them only once in the past ten days.

    或者也可改為 In the past ten days their luck had failed them only once.

    主詞是 their luck, 動詞是過去完成式 had failed, 而 them 則是受詞, 至於 only once 與 in the past ten days 都是副詞片語, 說明 failed 的頻率 (only once) 及發生的時間 (in the past ten days)

    2 it had been with them when they made their big robbery

    3 it had been wiht (with) them duringtheir (during their) thousand-mile trip eastward,by car

    這二句一起看, 它們的主要子句都在前面那句:

    It had been with them (主詞 it, 動詞為過去完成式 had been, with them 則是個介系詞片語當形容詞用, 作前面 Be V. (been) 的補語

    而它們二句所接的時間副詞則略有不同, when (當...的時候) 是個連接詞, 之後接了完整的子句, 主詞 they, 動詞 made, 受詞 their big robbery, 所以, when 所引導的是個說明時間的副詞子句

    而 during (在...期間) 是個介系詞, 接的是片語 their thousand-mile trip eastward, by car, thousand-mile 是個形容詞, 這種複合形容詞, 後面的名詞要用單數, (例如 二棟七層樓高的公寓: 2 seven-story apartments, story 不可加 S) 而 eastward (向東的) 是形容詞, 修飾這個 trip 的方向, by car 則是個介系詞片語用, 說明這趟旅行所乘坐的交通工具, 一樣是修飾 trip

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