匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

分詞片語20點(完全不懂)

我們講義再寫

S+[介詞片語、分詞片語]+V

動詞要看主詞

可是  我不懂什麼是分詞片語耶

我已經有爬文過了

可是我還是看不出來不知道分詞片語怎麼看

又是怎麼構成勒?

EX:

 Is caffeine addictive? The most common problem for coffee drinkers "is" insomnia.

請問  他的分詞片語在哪?

怎麼看啊?

 One of his ambitions is to become an engineer.

這個呢?

已更新項目:

另外補充一個問題^^"

單數名詞+[WHO、WHICH+單數動詞]

複數名詞+[WHO、WHICH+複數動詞]

EX:

It is I who "am" ashamed of your behavior.

為什麼用am

There are programs on television that "explain" how to do things.

為什麼不是explains呢?

1 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    識別分詞片語的小技巧:找到分詞(通常是現在分詞),而如果前面不是BE動詞(除某些現在分詞being外)或述語動詞,此分詞以及後面某些特定的詞就是分詞片語。分詞片語各類構成:分詞 + 受詞

    Making his first debut, he hit a triple in his first at-bat.Do you know the guy painting the house?

    分詞 + 修飾語 (由介系詞 + 受詞構成)

    Looking at the sky, he saw a lightning.Being caught in the rain, he got a cold.

    分詞 + 修飾語 (由副詞構成)

    He came into the room laughing loudly.Walking straight along this road, you will find the bus stop.

    表示某種時態或語態的分詞片語

    Being wronged, he got mad.Having graduated, he became a doctor.

    分詞片語之用途:補語:

    He became tired of studying English.She was heard singing a song.

    修飾語:

    The man standing over there is our teacher.I received a letter written in English.Walking on the street, I met a friend of my father's.

    主詞:

    The dying tried to smile, but failed.The learned are the most modest.

    受詞:

    We talked with the most admired of them.The old lady housed the wounded.

    1. Is caffeine addictive? The most common problem for coffee drinkers is insomnia.

    2. One of his ambitions is to become an engineer.

    這兩句都沒有分詞片語(連分詞都沒有),只有你先前提到的介詞片語(劃線於上),皆用作修飾語使用。

    It is I who am ashamed of your behavior.

    這句聽起來會有點笨拙,可是這是對的,因為此BE動詞變化形態必須與主詞符合,而因為主詞也被關係代名詞who指明為第一人稱單數 I,故用其變化形態 am。

    There are programs on television that explain how to do things.

    主詞是 programs on television,不是 television,而因為是複數,故不用動詞複數形式。

    2008-08-10 23:03:43 補充:

    時態及語態的螢光筆部分

    例句裡順序倒過來了

    (所以 wronged 是褐色而 graduated 是橘色才對)

    參考資料: 6年+在美留學經驗 + Dr. Eye文法詞典參考
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