caven 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫忙解說英文文法

the novel is〔 〕 in english 請問這題答案是written選being written為什麼不行呢  

the bridge [ ] built這題答案是is being為什麼不是is built呢?

我想要請問各位大大們的是如何使用being,我只知道它是被動式,分詞構句時也會出現,卻始終不確定甚麼狀態下一定要用到或省略,煩請各位大大們解說,謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    (for your reference)

    is being 是指現在正在被 xxx. 就是還未完成. 有時, 兩者文法都正確, 還要看句子的完整性和意思.

    1. the novel is〔written〕 in English 直譯是 - 這本小說是(被)以英文寫的 - 已完成.

    2. the novel is〔being written〕 in English

    直譯是 - 這本小說正在(被)是以英文寫. 若正在寫, 就還不是小說, 是小說搞.

    3. the bridge [ is being ] built 直譯是 - 這個橋正在(被)建造 - 未完成. 句子完整.

    4. the bridge [ is ] built 直譯是 - 這個橋已被建造. 句子不完整. 正確應該是 - the bridge was built in 2000 or the bridge was built by xxx.

    參考資料: myself
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  • HKL
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    要解這問題你先要複習一下

    主動式與被動式的語態變化

    時態

    主動

    被動

    現在式

    Ben opens the door.

    The door is opened by Ben.

    現在進行式

    Ben is opening the door.

    The door is being opened by Ben.

    現在完成式

    Ben has opened the door.

    The door has been opened by Ben.

    過去式

    Ben opened the door.

    The door was opened by Ben.

    過去進行式

    Ben was opening the door when I came.

    The door was being opened by Ben when I came.

    過去完成式

    Ben had opened the door.

    The door had been opened by Ben.

    未來式

    Ben will open the door.

    Ben is going to open the door.

    The door will be opened by Ben.

    The door is going to be opened by Ben.

    若句中有助動詞,助動詞的位置不變,助動詞後的be動詞,則要用原型be動詞

    助動詞

    主動

    被動

    can

    Ben can open the door.

    The door can be opened by Ben.

    should

    ought to

    Ben should open the door.

    Ben ought to open the door.

    The door should be opened by Ben.

    The door ought to be opened by Ben.

    must

    have to

    Ben must open the door.

    Ben has to open the door.

    The door must be opened by Ben.

    The door must be opened by Ben.

    may

    might

    Ben may open the door.

    Ben might open the door.

    The door may be opened by Ben.

    The door might be opened by Ben.

    解題

    the novel is〔 〕 in english 請問這題答案是written選being written為什麼不行呢  

    →這樣現在簡易式被動『沒有強調現在狀況』。小說已經寫成無法強調現在正進行的狀況

    the bridge [ ] built這題答案是is being為什麼不是is built呢?

    →這樣現在進行式被動『有強調現在正進行的狀況』。完成也是橋未完成也是橋,這是

    ...

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  • 1 0 年前

    跟你分享一下判斷的方法囉

    中間打逗點 兩邊沒有連接詞就是分詞構句

    1.The vacation being over, the students came back to school.

    2.The train starts at five, arriving at ten.

    先看第一個句子

    As the vacation was over, the students came back to school.

    S1不等於S2 所以兩個主詞都要保留

    去掉連接詞AS 將WAS改成分詞

    而BE動詞的分詞就是BEING 或 BEEN 這裡要用BEING

    >>>The vacation being over, the students came back to school.

    再看第二個句子

    The train starts at five, and the train arrives at ten.

    S1等於S2 所以要省略一個主詞

    去掉連接詞AND 將ARRIVES改成分詞

    >>>The train starts at five, arriving at ten.

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