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clement 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

if taiwan were to be的文法時態?

請問這句尾的if Taiwan were to be annexed by China.是什麼文法時態?是現在式的假設語氣嗎?可否詳述,謝謝!!!

Several researchers from Japan's nongovernmental Defense Research Center (DRC) said yesterday in Taipei that Taiwan is Japan's "life-line" and that Japan's security could be at stake if Taiwan were to be annexed by China.

已更新項目:

請問MJ羅莉,

be to +V是什麼時態呢?這有點不懂

2 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Japan's security could be at stake if Taiwan were to be annexed by China.

    假如台灣將被中國併吞, 那日本的安全恐怕就命運未卜了.

    這是假設語氣句型中「與未來相反」的標準結構:

    If S + were to V..., S + would/should/could/might V...

    S + would/should/could/might V... if S + were to V...

    2008-08-25 09:58:27 補充:

    另附假設語氣其他句型:

    1) 與現在事實相反:

    If S + Ved/were/was... , S + would/should/could/might V...

    2) 與過去事實相反:

    If S + had Ven.... , S + would/should/could/might have Ven...

    3) 未來可能:

    If S + 現在式/未來式 ..., S + will/shall V...

    4) 未來萬一:

    If S + should V ... , S + will(would)/may(might)/can(could)/should ...

    2008-08-27 15:04:39 補充:

    請問MJ羅莉,

    be to +V是什麼時態呢?這有點不懂

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    is/are/am to +V = 未來式 = will/shall V

    was to +V = 過去時點的未來 = would/should V

    were to +V = 假設語氣專用, 與未來推測相反

    參考資料: 自己的翻譯經驗
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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    沒錯, 是假設語氣, 但是是表示與未來事實相反的假設語氣,

    而且講話的人心中覺得極度不可能

    如果台灣將會被合併, 那麼日本的安全有就危險了!

    但是, 實際上不可能, 至少短期的未來幾天不可能, 所以, 他用與

    未來事實相法的假設語氣!

    這種句型, 如下

    If S were to V..., S would/could/might/should V

    (表示絕對不可能)

    If the sun were to rise in the west tomorrow, I would lend you

    the money.

    還有一種句型也可以用在與未來相反

    If S Ved(過去動詞)..., S would/could/might/should V

    參考資料: me
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