Barton 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問英文文法,如內容,為什麼plan要用過去式?

Some people try their luck at game booths, often spending more than planned in an attempt to win a big prize.

空英的中文解釋:有些人會在遊戲攤位試手氣,由於一心想抱回大獎,往往花費超過預算

想請問各位,為什麼plan要用過去式,而不是用planning

還是說 planned與 in an attempt to win a big prize是要一起的

但這樣的話,try就應該也要過去式呀

所以充滿疑問,謝謝

已更新項目:

你好,謝謝 river 的回答

不過我有一個疑問想請教,也想確認一下

句中的 plan 是完成式的話,having真的可以省略嗎??

因為從一些文法教學得知,只有在被動時才有省略

另外,想請問一下

假設,planned在句中是扮演過去式,不是完成式的話,是不是就會變成 often spending more than "planning"...

謝謝

1 個解答

評分
  • River
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Some people try their luck at game booths, often spending more than planned in an attempt to win a big prize.有些人會在遊戲攤位試手氣,由於一心想抱回大獎,往往花費超過原先的預算。

    【問題】為什麼plan要用過去式,而不是用planning

    【回答】

    planned 不是『過去式』,它是『過去分詞』:(having) planned 先前所計劃的,比spending 還『早』所以要用 『完成式分詞』having planned 。

    2008-08-25 22:14:32 補充:

    1. having planned 的 having 一般是"不能"省略。

    2. Some people try their luck at game booths, often spending more than having planned

    = Some people try their luck at game booths and they often spent more than they had planned. 若改成下句 planned 才有可能當過去式。

    2008-08-25 22:15:32 補充:

    修正: = Some people try their luck at game booths and they often spend more than they have planned (or planned).

    參考資料: River + teacher
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