winjen 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

infectious industrial waste 翻譯

Characteristics and management of infectious industrial waste

in Taiwan

Abstract

Infectious industrial waste management in Taiwan is based on the specific waste production unit. In other countries, management is based simply on whether the producer may lead to infectious disease. Thus, Taiwan has a more detailed classification of infectious waste. The advantage of this classification is that it is easy to identify the sources, while the disadvantage lies in the fact that it is not flexible and hence increases cost. This study presents an overview of current management practices for handling infectious industrial waste in Taiwan, and addresses the current waste disposal methods.

The number of small clinics in Taiwan increased from 18,183 to 18,877 between 2003 and 2005. Analysis of the data between 2003 and 2005 showed that the majority of medical waste was general industrial waste, which accounted for 76.9%–79.4% of total medical waste. Infectious industrial waste accounted for 19.3%–21.9% of total medical waste. After the SARS event in Taiwan, the amount of infectious waste reached 19,350 tons in 2004, an increase over the previous year of 4000 tons. Waste minimization was a common consideration for all types of waste treatment. In this study, we summarize the percentage of plastic waste in flammable infectious industrial waste generated by medical units, which, in Taiwan was about 30%. The EPA and Taiwan Department of Health have actively promoted different recycling and waste reduction measures. However, the wide adoption of disposable materials made recycling and waste reduction difficult for some hospitals. It has been suggested that enhancing the education of and promoting communication between medical units and recycling industries must be implemented to prevent recyclable waste from entering the incinerator.

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    台灣傳染性工業廢棄物的特性和管理

    摘要

    台灣傳染性工業廢棄物管理採用廢物生產單位分類。

    在其他國家,管理卻僅僅採用生產者是否可能導致傳染病的分類法。

    因此,台灣廢棄物分類法較為詳儘。

    其優點是容易鑑定來源,然缺點是不夠彈性並且因此增加花費。

    這項研究提出台灣管理傳染性工業廢棄物的現況及概述廢棄物的處置方法。

    small clinics in Taiwan increased from 18,183 to 18,877 between 2003 and 2005. 在台灣小診所的數量從2003年到2005年之間,從18,183 增加到 18,877 。

    Analysis of the data between 2003 and 2005 showed that the majority of medical waste was general industrial waste, which accounted for 76.9%–79.4% of total medical waste. 資料顯示於2003 年和2005 之間, 主要的醫療廢棄物是一般工業廢料, 佔總醫療廢物的76.9%-79.4% 。

    Infectious industrial waste accounted for 19.3%–21.9% of total medical waste.感染性工業廢棄物佔總醫療廢物的19.3%-21.9% 。

    After the SARS event in Taiwan, the amount of infectious waste reached 19,350 tons in 2004, an increase over the previous year of 4000 tons.在SARS 事件之後, 於2004 年感染性廢棄物總量達到19,350 噸,並於前年增為4000 噸。

    Waste minimization was a common consideration for all types of waste treatment. 無論何種廢棄物,廢棄物減量是共同的考量 。

    In this study, we summarize the percentage of plastic waste in flammable infectious industrial waste generated by medical units, which, in Taiwan was about 30%.在這項研究中, 我們總結醫療單位產生的可燃之感染性工業廢料在臺灣約佔30% 。

    The EPA and Taiwan Department of Health have actively promoted different recycling and waste reduction measures. EPA 和台灣衛生部門積極地推廣各種資源回收和廢料減量等措施。

    However, the wide adoption of disposable materials made recycling and waste reduction difficult for some hospitals. 但是, 大範圍的回收可拋式材料使一些醫院廢料減量變得困難。

    It has been suggested that enhancing the education of and promoting communication between medical units and recycling industries must be implemented to prevent recyclable waste from entering the incinerator. 它建議 醫療單位和廢料回收產業必須提高教育實施和加強推廣,以防止可回收的廢料進入焚穢爐。

    參考資料: ME
  • 1 0 年前

    台灣還是有溫暖的!!

    衷心感謝各位的鼎力相助!!

    感謝!!感謝!!再感謝!!

  • 修齊
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前

    昨天將這個問題加入追蹤

    原來今天想花點時間幫版大翻譯

    現在進來看到002大大的翻譯

    我給他100分

    翻得太棒了

    齊哥留 (我是一個留美行銷碩士)

    2008-09-19 19:07:10 補充:

    抱歉喔

    稍微補充一點

    最後一句話It has been suggested...

    我個人覺得翻譯成"有人建議"可能會比"它建議"更好些

    Sorry,求好心切的齊哥再留

  • 1 0 年前

    傳染的工業廢物的特性和管理

    在台灣

    摘要

    在台灣的傳染的工業廢物管理基於具體的廢物生產單位。 在其他國家,管理僅僅關於是否生產者可能導致傳染病被基於。 因此,台灣有一種傳染的廢物的更詳細的類別。 這分類的優勢是鑑定來源是容易的, 當不利條件在於它不靈活並且因此增加花費的事實時。 這項研究提出在台灣經營傳染的工業廢物的當今的管理慣例的概述和位址當今的廢物處置方法。

    在台灣的小門診部的數量被在2003 和2005之間從18,183增加到18,877。 數據的分析, 在2003 和2005之間顯示多數醫學廢物是一般的工業廢物,這占76.9% 9.4%的總醫學廢物。 傳染的工業廢物占19.3% 1.9%的總醫學廢物。 在在台灣的非典型性肺炎事件之後,傳染的廢物的總量在2004年達到19,350公頓,上一4000公頓的年的一個增加。 廢物極小化是各種廢物處置的一次普遍的考慮。 在這項研究過程中,我們作總結塑膠的百分比在以醫學單位產生的易燃的傳染的工業廢物,裡浪費,在台灣是大約30%。 EPA 和台灣健康的部門已經積極提升不同的再循環並且浪費削減測量。 不過,寬一次性材料的採用使再循環並且適合一些醫院浪費削減難。 建議那提升教育並且提升的通訊, 在醫學單位和再循環工業之間必須被實現防止可再造的廢物進入這個焚化爐。

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。