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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

(英文)英翻中~~幫幫忙(高手請進) 贈20點

下面是什ㄇ意思?

各位高手~~

幫我翻譯一下

謝謝你~~

The systems approach to designing instruction was introduced by James Finn.Seels (1989) states that Finn

"was a father of the instructional design movement

because he linked the theory of systems design to

educational technology, and thus encouraged the integrated growth

of these related fields of study. It was Finn who made educational

technologists aware that technology was as much a process as a piece

of hardware" (Seels 1989, 11).

James Finn also established a Commission on Definition and

Terminology whose goal was to define the field and

associated terminology.

The term "hypertext" was coined by Ted Nelson,

who defined it in his self-published Literary Machines

as "non-sequential writing" (1965)

Norman Crowder developed "intrinsic" programming.

In this model, a learner's possible responses are multiple choice,

and the program branches depending on the response chosen.

Students could omit steps they already knew or return to study remedial material

on information already presented.

enlarged upon Crowder's ideas about non-linear sequencing.

A shift from norm-referenced testing to criterion-based testing was noted.

Definition:

Norm-Referenced evaluations compare the student's performance against the performance of other students and are most often summative.

Criterion-Referenced testing is the assessment of student mastery of specific skills regardless of other student

performance and are almost always formative.

The focus was on the development of instructional materials.

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    系統設計指導的達成方式被詹姆士芬蘭人介紹了。用線縫起來 (1989) 州那一個芬蘭人

    ”父親是指導設計運動

    因為他連接了系統設計的理論到

    教育的技術,而且如此鼓勵了整合的生長

    研究的這些相關領域。 製造了教育的人是芬蘭人

    工藝學家知道的技術是當做很多的一個程序當做塊

    硬體”.(用線縫起來 1989,11)

    詹姆士芬蘭人也建立了的委員會

    ((如果有錯

    可以跟我講

    我會改的))

    參考資料:
  • 1 0 年前

    The systems approach to designing instruction was introduced by James Finn.Seels (1989) states that Finn

    (詹姆斯・介紹對設計指示的系統方法Finn.Seels (1989)聲明那個芬蘭人)

    "was a father of the instructional design movement

    because he linked the theory of systems design to

    educational technology, and thus encouraged the integrated growth

    of these related fields of study. It was Finn who made educational

    technologists aware that technology was as much a process as a piece

    of hardware" (Seels 1989, 11).

    (「是教育設計運動的父親 ,因為他與教育技術連接了系統設計的 理論和因而鼓勵了這些相關學科領域 聯合成長。它是使教育工藝師知道的芬蘭人技術是一樣過程作為硬件片斷" (縫合1989年, 11)。)

    James Finn also established a Commission on Definition and

    Terminology whose goal was to define the field and

    associated terminology.

    (詹姆斯芬蘭人在目標是定義領域的定義和術語也建立了委員會并且 同術語聯繫在一起。)

    The term "hypertext" was coined by Ted Nelson,

    who defined it in his self-published Literary Machines

    as "non-sequential writing" (1965)

    (術語「超文件」由特德・納爾遜形成,定義它在他的自已出版文藝機器作為「不連續的文字」 (1965))

    Norman Crowder developed "intrinsic" programming.

    In this model, a learner's possible responses are multiple choice,

    and the program branches depending on the response chosen.

    Students could omit steps they already knew or return to study remedial material

    on information already presented.

    (諾曼底Crowder被開發的「內在」編程。 在這個模型,學習者的可能的反應是多項選擇,并且節目根據選上的反應分支。他們在已經出席的信息已經知道或回歸學習矯正材料 的學生可能省去步。)

    enlarged upon Crowder's ideas about non-linear sequencing.

    (擴大在Crowder的想法關於非線性程序化。)

    A shift from norm-referenced testing to criterion-based testing was noted.

    Definition:

    Norm-Referenced evaluations compare the student's performance against the performance of other students and are most often summative.

    Criterion-Referenced testing is the assessment of student mastery of specific skills regardless of other student

    performance and are almost always formative.

    (一個轉移從準則參考的測試到基於標準的測試著名。

    定義:

    準則參考的評估比較學生的表現反對其他學生表現并且經常summative。

    標準參考的測試是對具體技能學生精通的評估不管其他學生

    表現并且是幾乎總形成的。)

    The focus was on the development of instructional materials.

    (焦點在教材的發展。)

    這是我找到的

    希望對你有幫助^^

  • 1 0 年前

    哈哈~來幫幫您囉!!

    詹姆斯・介绍對設計指示的系统方法Finn.Seels (1989)声明那個芬蘭人 " 是教育設計運動的父親 因為他連接了系统设计的理論 教育技術和因而鼓勵聯合成長 這些相关学科领域。 它是使教育的芬蘭人知道的工藝師技術是一样過程作为片斷 hardware" (縫合1989年, 11)。 詹姆斯芬蘭人也建立了在定義的委员会和目標是定義領域和的術語 伴生的術語。 期限" hypertext" 由特德・納爾遜鑄造,誰定義了它在他的自已出版文藝機器作為" 不連續的writing" (1965) 諾曼底Crowder被开发的" intrinsic" 編程。 在這個模型, learner' s可能的反應是多种选择,并且節目分支根据選上的反應。他們已經知道或回歸學習矯正材料的學生可能省去步 在已經被提出的信息。 擴大在Crowder' 關於非線性程序化的s想法。 從準則參考的測試的一個轉移到基於標準的測試被注意了。定義:準則參考的評估比較student' 反對其他學生表現的s表現和經常summative。不管其他學生,標準參考的測試是對具體技能學生精通的評估 表現和是幾乎總是形成的。 焦點在教材的發展

    大概是這樣囉!!

  • 1 0 年前

    這個英文太長了……(只20點太少了)

    幫你翻不如教你如何自己翻

    你可到搜尋站去找“翻譯”

    會有很多幫你翻譯的網站可使用(免費)。

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