JohnTsai 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

黃祺英文釋疑

該段英文出自黃期部落格.. 有上過英國小學的英文, 口語話...現在有 2個疑問

Your act and the words you use are true reflections of who you really are. I pity those lost souls who fail to find the eternal peace of mind. To go through life’s struggle with zero sense of guidance and direction is both futile and pathetic.

1. 第一句 如果書寫時要改成如何 比較正式

a. 該不該加the : the true reflection...

b. act跟 action的差異在哪

c who 還是 whom

2. zero sense 是否起源於 美國 學校 槍擊事件...

已更新項目:

第二句 該不該 加 who

I pity those who lost souls who fail to find the eternal peace of mind

2 個已更新項目:

喝, 他沒上過英國小學....

2 個解答

評分
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. 第一句 如果書寫時要改成如何 比較正式

    The grammar structure of the first sentence is S (主詞) V ( SC (主詞補語).

    => This sentence is already pretty good. There is no need to rewrite it.

    Your act and the words you use are true reflections of who you really are.

    Subject: Your act. The words you use.

    => Both are noun phrases (名詞片語).

    Subject complement: True reflections of who you really are. (noun phrase - 名詞片語).

    True Reflection (noun - 名詞)

    a. 該不該加the : the true reflection...

    Use plural nouns because your subjects are plural. (Your act and the words you use)

    Yes. 指特定的 – your act and the words you use.

    Your act and the words you use are the true reflections of who you really are.

    b. act跟 action的差異在哪

    act = 行為

    action = 行動, 舉動

    “act” and “action” 都意味著"行為"和"行動的過程”;

    然而,”act” 傾向於指行為,而 ”action” 傾向於指行動的過程, 舉動。

    因此,人們用 “engage in sex acts”- 有性行為,而不是 “sex actions”。 同樣的,人也許想要”a piece of the action”- 參與一部份的行動,而不是 “a piece of the act”。

    See http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/act

    c who 還是 whom

    I pity those lost souls who fail to find the eternal peace of mind.

    Use “who”.

    Look at it this way.

    Who fail to find the eternal peace of mind?

    Those lost souls fail to find the eternal peace of mind.

    For example:

    (1) Who wrote this letter?

    The man in black wrote this letter.

    We know who wrote this letter. It is the man in black.

    We know the man in black who wrote this letter.

    (2) By whom was this letter written?

    This letter was written by John.

    We all know by whom this letter was written.

    We all know this letter was written by John.

    See http://www.grammarbook.com/grammar/whoVwhom.asp

    第二句 該不該 加 who

    I pity those who lost souls who fail to find the eternal peace of mind

    => No. You don’t have to, as it will become redundant.

    Those lost souls = Those people who lost their souls. = Thos who lost their souls.

    I pity those who lost their souls who fail to find the eternal peace of mind. => too many “who”.

    2. zero sense 是否起源於 美國 學校 槍擊事件...

    => No.

    Zero sense = no sense = 一點感覺都沒有.

    2008-11-02 05:14:11 補充:

    I cannot add to what I wrote. These are my added comments.

    Corrections:

    Reflection - noun

    True - adjective

    We know it is the man in black who wrote this letter.

    參考資料: Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
  • Spring
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    我來稍微改寫一下:

    1. Your behavior and your spoken words truly reflect what you really are.

    2. I feel sorry for those who lose their sousl and fail to find the eternal peace of mind as well.

    3. Leading a life without sense of guidance and direction is both futile and pathetic.

    2008-11-01 16:02:59 補充:

    Sorry,第2的sousl應為souls。

    參考資料: me
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