? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

「in which」和 「from which」的用法??

我爬過很多文 大概知道這2個怎麼用

但是我課本出現了這一句話 讓我還是搞不懂

Still, while the period "in which" cats have been domesticated may be

quite short, it has definitely had its high and low points.

我搞不懂這句話的 in which 原本句子的 in 要放哪裡??

麻煩大大可以說清楚點 謝謝

還有 in which 和 from which 用法都是一樣的嗎???

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Still, while the period "in which" cats have been domesticated may be

    quite short, it has definitely had its high and low points.

    再者, 貓被馴服至今的這段時間也許相當短, 然而很明顯地有其盛衰的時刻

    While + S1 + V1, S2 + V2

    While在句中的意思為 - 雖然

    而While其後所接的句子

    The period "in which" cats have been domesticated may be quite short.

    實為兩個句子合併而成

    The period may be quite short. (這段時間也許相當短)

    Cats have been domesticated in the period. (貓在這段時間被馴服)

    合併步驟一

    兩句都有 the period

    第二句中的 the period 不重複, 改為 which

    變成

    Cats have been domesticated in which

    合併步驟二

    把 in which 放到句首

    變成

    in which cats have been domesticated.

    合併步驟三

    把整句插入 第一句 重複的 period 之後

    變成

    The period - in which cats have been domesticated - may be quite short.

    in which cats have been domesticated為後位修飾用法

    往前修飾 period

    解釋為

    貓(已經)被馴服的

    A: The period in which cats have been domesticated may be quite short.

    貓被馴服至今的這段時間也許相當短

    ( have + Vpp 有 - 過去某個時點到目前為止 - 的意思 )

    in which可改為when

    變成

    B: The period - when cats have been domesticated - may be quite short.

    意思相同: 貓被馴服至今的這段時間也許相當短

    合併後

    A句中的in which cats have been domesticated

    以及B句中的when cats have been domesticated

    即為所謂的 - 形容詞子句用法

    which及when即分別為 - 關係代名詞 - 及 - 關係副詞

    而原本兩個句子中重複出現的the period則為 - 先行詞

    在形容詞子句中

    先行詞 - 後緊接著 - 關係代名詞

    因為in which中的which原為the period

    in which = in the period

    period的意思為 - 時期, 期間  指一段時間

    英文中

    表示時間的介系詞中

    at + 幾點幾分

    on + 某個日子, 某一天

    in + 一段時間

    in the morning (幾個小時組成的一段時間)

    in November (幾天組成的一段時間)

    in spring

    in 2008…

    而同樣身為介系詞的from

    其後加上 - 時間或空間的點

    空間: from Taipei to Kaohsiung(從台北到高雄); from the park to the bookstore(從公園到書店)

    時間: from Monday to Friday(從週一到週五); from 3 pm to 5 pm(從下午三點到五點)

    因此不可加意為一段時間的period

    參考資料: myself
  • 1 0 年前

    抱歉,今天的quota用完,明天答你。

    2008-10-30 01:08:56 補充:

    while the period "in which" cats have been domesticated 這個句子中 的 in which cats have been domesticated是一個從句(Adjective Clause) 是形容或是告訴讀者關於 the period(解時期)是怎樣的一個時期 。原句應該是 It's the period. Cats have been domesticated in that period.從句的作用就是要把重複的省去(會用重句代表您的水平提高了喔 ~_~)

    For example:

    ~ That is the house. The murder took place there.

    That is the house in which the murder took place.

    in which有時等於where但where前面不能加介詞(preposition)

    That is the house where the murder took place.

    ~That's the mountain. I climbed it last year.

    That's the mountain on which I climbed last year.

    ~A library is a place. People can borrow books from it.

    A library is a place from which people can borrow books.

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