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無暱稱 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文表時間副詞子句

1.Someone called while I was taking a bath.

called的受詞跑到哪裡去囉?

2.It will not be long before..表不久之後...

那個before有什麼含意嗎?

3.關於when..

Sometimes when I meet him on my way to school,he greets me with a smile.

這邊的when可以省略嗎??

Every time (when) I see these photos,I think of the good old days.

這邊可以加上when嗎?

為什麼有時有 有時又沒有 還是都可以自行決定要不要省略??

已更新項目:

那 Next time 也是連接詞片語囉?

2 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    據個人所知, [every time]/[next time]都只是"副詞片語", 不能當連接詞. 之所以會有這個誤解, 是因為[time]後面所接的"形容詞子句"(不是"副詞子句"喔)的關係(副)詞[when]被省略了, 而這個[when]才是真正的連接詞.

    Sometimes when I meet him on my way to school, he greets me with a smile.

    這句的結構其實是:

    When I meet him on my way to school, he greets me with a smile sometimes. 或

    When I meet him on my way to school, he sometimes greets me with a smile. 或

    Sometimes he greets me with a smile when I meet him on my way to school.

    我在上學途中遇到他時, 他偶爾會對我笑臉相迎.

    [when]是連接詞, 引導副詞子句. 這個子句的地位和[sometimes]這個副詞是相等的, 都是修飾[greet]或是整個主要子句, 所以[when]不能省. 要是省去:

    Sometimes I meet him on my way to school, he greets me with a smile.

    變成: 偶爾我會在上學途中遇到他, 他會對我笑臉相迎.

    句意不同, 而且兩句之間少了連接詞.

    Every time (when) I see these photos, I think of the good old days.

    這裡的[when]引導"形容詞子句(關係子句)", 這個子句是附屬於其先行詞[time], 用來形容[time]的(不是動詞或整個主要子句). 而[next time]這個副詞片語則和前一句的[sometimes]一樣, 修飾動詞[think]或是整個主要子句.

    這個[when](關係副詞)之所以可以省, 原因和以下這句類似:

    Every boy (that) I see in the room is equally cute.

    因為省略後, 對句子的閱讀沒有妨害, 甚至於顯得更精簡.

    [next time]的情形完全相同.

    關於這樣的省略, 再寫個例子:

    At the time when she came here(形容詞子句), there was not even a house to live.

    At the time she came here(形容詞子句), there was not even a house to live.

    When she came here(副詞子句), there was not even a house to live.

    [at the time]整個省掉, 對語意沒影響. 但是像[every time]/[next time]這樣的片語就不宜省, 否則無法表達原意.

    當先行詞被省去, 整個子句就成為副詞子句, 就如同前述[sometimes]那句, 絕不能省了.

    2008-10-31 21:43:38 補充:

    1. Someone called while I was taking a bath.

    這個[call](來電)在此是不及物動詞, 道理跟以下這句相同:

    Someone died while the doctor was away(不在).

    2008-10-31 21:43:58 補充:

    2. It will not be long before...

    直譯就是: 在...發生之前所需的時間不會太長.

    換言之, 就是表"不久之後就..."

    後面可以接句子:

    It will not be long before he succeeds.

    他不久之後就會成功.

    2008-10-31 21:44:13 補充:

    也可以接片語:

    It will not be long before their arriving home.

    他們不久之後就會到家了.

    也可以接名詞:

    It will not be long before the concert.

    音樂會很快就要舉行了.

    2008-11-01 19:32:35 補充:

    "那形容詞子句跟副詞子句怎麼分?"

    副詞子句就跟副詞一樣, 可以用來修飾動詞或整個主要子句, 而且它沒有先行詞.

    He came here [quickly].

    He came here [when I was away].

    2008-11-01 19:32:44 補充:

    形容詞子句就跟形容詞一樣, 用來修飾前面的先行詞:

    This is something [interesting].

    This is something [that I never heard of before].

    非限定的形容詞子句(前有逗號)可以用來修飾整個主要子句:

    He broke the window, which made his father very angry.

    (這個[which]是代表前面整件事, 而不是[window])

    2008-11-02 12:51:01 補充:

    另外, 形容詞子句的位置不能像副詞子句一樣換來換去.

    Every time (when) I see these photos, I think of the good old days.

    不等於:

    Every time I think of the good old days when I see these photos.(句意不通)

    2008-11-02 16:48:31 補充:

    Every time (when) I see these photos, I think of the good old days.

    在此句裡面(when) I see these photos是形容詞子句,也就是形容這個time,when在這邊是雙重地位, 既是連接詞, 連接子句; 又是子句裡代表時間的副詞(不是片語).

    2008-11-02 16:49:33 補充:

    Spring is the season when swallows fly south.

    在這句裡面的when也是可以被省略的囉?

    This is the place where he was born.

    這邊where也可以省略?

    Yes.

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  • 1 0 年前

    1.Someone called while I was taking a bath.

    called的受詞跑到哪裡去囉?

    這個called是不及物動詞, 沒有受詞, 意思是「來電話」.

    2.It will not be long before..表不久之後...

    那個before有什麼含意嗎?

    before是連接詞, 意為「在...之前」, 後面要接一個子句.

    It will not be long before.... xxxx此事(要發生或實現以前)已為時不遠了.

    3.關於when..

    Sometimes when I meet him on my way to school, he greets me with a smile.

    這邊的when可以省略嗎??

    這個when不可省略, 因為它在本句是連接詞, 擔任連接兩個句子的重要任務, 所以不可省略, 而Sometimes是個副詞, 沒有連接詞的功能, 不能執行when的任務.

    Every time (when) I see these photos,I think of the good old days.

    這邊可以加上when嗎?

    這個when可以省略, 因為Every time是連接詞片語, 使得when的功能重複而可有可無.

    為什麼有時有 有時又沒有 還是都可以自行決定要不要省略??

    不是任意決定是否省略喔! 重點在省略when後, 還有沒有連接詞代替它的功能.

    2008-10-30 22:25:22 補充:

    是的, next time可當連接詞片語用, 例如:

    The summer will be over next time I saw you.

    2008-10-30 22:26:04 補充:

    抱歉訂正: 應是next time I see you.

    參考資料: 自己; 英文文法
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