promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
Andy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

求翻譯高手{醫療} 不要翻譯軟體的 20點!

Evaluation of Back Pain in Children

and Adolescents

ROBERT M. BERNSTEIN, MD, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California

HAROLD COZEN, MD, Palos Verdes Estates, California

Back pain is fairly prevalent in healthy children and adolescents. When children or adolescents

seek medical care for back pain, it is highly likely that underlying pathology will be identified.

Common causes of back pain include nonspecific pain or muscle strain, herniated disk,

spondylolysis, scoliosis, and Scheuermann’s kyphosis. Less common causes include tumor,

infection, and sickle cell crisis. If nonspecific back pain is suspected, treatment may include

home-based exercise, physical therapy, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If the history

and physical examination suggest underlying pathology, radiography, complete blood count,

erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a C-reactive protein measurement should be performed.

Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, or bone scanning may be

needed depending on the suspected cause. It is generally accepted that the following factors

warrant immediate evaluation: patient age younger than four years, persistent symptoms,

self-imposed activity limitations, systemic symptoms, increasing discomfort, persistent nighttime

pain, and neurologic symptoms. (Am Fam Physician 2007;76:1669-76. Copyright © 2007

American Academy of Family Physicians.)

1 個解答

評分
  • 小黑
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Evaluation of Back Pain in Children and Adolescents青少年與兒童的背痛情況分析

    ROBERT M. BERNSTEIN, MD, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California

    羅伯特.曼.班爾史汀教授,錫安山醫學院.加州洛山磯

    HAROLD COZEN, MD, Palos Verdes Estates, California

    哈洛得.寇斯恩教授,加州帕落維迪市

    Back pain is fairly prevalent in healthy children and adolescents. When children or adolescents seek medical care for back pain, it is highly likely that underlying pathology will be identified. Common causes of back pain include nonspecific pain or muscle strain, herniated disk, spondylolysis, scoliosis, and Scheuermann’s kyphosis. Less common causes include tumor, infection, and sickle cell crisis.

    背痛常見於一般健康的兒童與青少年身上。當他們尋求醫療協助時,幾乎都可以找出背痛的病因為何。一般背痛造成的原因多數可能是併發症或是肌肉緊繃、椎間盤突出、椎骨脫離、脊椎側彎、圓背症等;然而有少數的原因可能是因為腫瘤、感染或是鏈狀細色病變。

    If nonspecific back pain is suspected, treatment may include home-based exercise, physical therapy, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If the history and physical examination suggest underlying pathology, radiography, complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a C-reactive protein measurement should be performed. Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, or bone scanning may be needed depending on the suspected cause.

    若是屬併發症的背痛,治療的方法包括在家運動、物理治療或使用非類固醇類抗發炎藥物。若是依照過去病例或體檢後,證實屬於其他病因時,建議最好能接受X光檢查、血液常規檢查、紅血球沉降速率檢查、C反應蛋白檢查。依病情狀況得再接受核磁共振、段層掃描或是骨骼掃瞄等檢查。

    http://clc.nhri.org.tw/admin/clcmain2.aspx?OPEN_DO... 「非類固醇類抗發炎藥物」參考資料

    It is generally accepted that the following factors warrant immediate evaluation: patient age younger than four years, persistent symptoms, self-imposed activity limitations, systemic symptoms, increasing discomfort, persistent nighttime pain, and neurologic(al) symptoms.

    一般而言,四歲以下的孩童會有下列的情況發生:持續不斷的病發狀、自我在行動上的限制、全身性病發症、焦躁不安、惡夢連連、神經系統症狀等。

    (Am Fam Physician 2007;76:1669-76. Copyright © 2007 American Academy of Family Physicians.) 美國家庭醫學期刊2007;76:1669-76。2007年美國家庭醫生學會版權所有。

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。