哈囉 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問Consolidators這篇文章的翻譯

Consolidators obtain less than container load (LCL) cargoes from shippers and combine, or consolidate, them into containers for transportation by sea or by rail. Ocean carriers at times double as consolidators, but in most cases, freight forwarders assume the role of consolidator as consolidation work entails various procedures for cargo collection at origin, consolidation, preparation of manifests, sorting-out at destination and delivery, etc. The freight forwarders, as carriers, issue a bill of lading to the shipper on their own, assuming the responsibility for fulfilling intermodal cargo transportation. At the same time the freight forwarders become shippers relative to the real carriers such as liner shipping companies and rail companies. The consolidators make their profit from the differential between the LCL cargo rates they charge the shippers and the box rates they pay to the real carriers. Thus, how well they can fill a container with LCL cargoes is a vital factor for the consolidators' profitability. In the case of airborne cargo, air freight rates diminish successively as the volume increases. Thus consolidators try to collect as much small-lot cargo as possible, since the low freight rates they pay to the carrier and the freightage they receive from the shipper constitute their profit.

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  • 老古
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Consolidators obtain less than container load (LCL) cargoes from shippers and combine, or consolidate, them into containers for transportation by sea or by rail.

    整合者自貨主取得零櫃 (LCL不滿一貨櫃的)的貨物並加以合併整合成整櫃以便船運或火車運送。

    Ocean carriers at times double as consolidators, but in most cases, freight forwarders assume the role of consolidator as consolidation work entails various procedures for cargo collection at origin, consolidation, preparation of manifests, sorting-out at destination and delivery, etc.

    海運公司偶爾也會兼扮整合者的角色,但因為整合者的工作涉及承攬、整併、開立貨物清單、抵站後的整理及運送等許多事務, 大部份整合者還是由運輸業務代理行來擔任.

    The freight forwarders, as carriers, issue a bill of lading to the shipper on their own, assuming the responsibility for fulfilling intermodal cargo transportation.

    運輸業務代理行, 像運送公司一樣, 自行開立提單給貨主並承擔多重運輸模式的貨運責任。

    At the same time the freight forwarders become shippers relative to the real carriers such as liner shipping companies and rail companies.

    同時,運輸業務代理行相對於實際的貨運業者,如鐵路公司或船運公司, 也扮演貨主的角色。

    The consolidators make their profit from the differential between the LCL cargo rates they charge the shippers and the box rates they pay to the real carriers. Thus, how well they can fill a container with LCL cargoes is a vital factor for the consolidators' profitability.

    整合者的利潤是來自於他們向零櫃貨物收取的運費與他們實際付給運輸公司費用的差,因此,他們把零櫃的貨整併得好不好直接影響他們的獲利能力.

    In the case of airborne cargo, air freight rates diminish successively as the volume increases. Thus consolidators try to collect as much small-lot cargo as possible, since the low freight rates they pay to the carrier and the freightage they receive from the shipper constitute their profit.

    至於貨務空運, 量大時費率就能拉低。整合者會儘可能多收小量的貨因為他們向貨主收取的費率與他們付給運輸公司的低費率建構了他們的利潤。

  • 整合者獲得得比容器負荷 (LCL)來自裝貨者和收割脫殼聯用機的貨物少,或鞏固,他們進入容器之內為運輸以海運方式或藉著火車。 大海運送者有時加倍當做整合者,但是在大部份的情形下,當鞏固工作在起源、鞏固,載貨單的準備為貨物收集需要各種不同的程序時候,船貨運送者假定整合者的角色,分類-在當做運送者的目的地和遞送,等等船貨運送者的外發行一個帳單 o

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