promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
悠羽晴天 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

關於牙齒保健的英文資料,請幫我翻譯~~

Dental caries is an infectious, communicable disease, which causes destruction of teeth by acid-forming bacteria found in dental plaque. The most important concept to remember is that caries is a dynamic disease process, and not a static problem. Secondly, before a cavity is formed in the tooth, the caries infection can actually be reversed!

=======================================================

The causes of caries are multifactorial, and the individual risk factors associated with ECC are therefore not necessarily causative.

Frequent intake of carbohydrate-rich or sugary foods enables the cariogenic bacteria to maintain a low pH on the surfaces of the teeth.

Night- time bottle feeding, or prolonged use of a sippy cup, can lead to early childhood caries. The flow of saliva is decreased during sleep, so clearance of the sugary liquid from the oral cavity is slowed down.

=======================================================

The earlier that a child's mouth is infected with Mutans streptococci, the greater the risk for future caries development.

Children who already have one or more dental cavities are considered high risk for developing more.

A low fluoride level on the surface of the teeth reduces the remineralization process and increases the risk for caries.When the saliva flow is below 0.7 ml/minute, the saliva cannot wash carbohydrates off the dental surface. In addition, low salivary buffering capacity, low salivary IgA, low salivary calcium, and low salivary phosphate reduce the potential for neutralization of acids in the dental plaque.

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Dental caries is an infectious, communicable disease, which causes destruction of teeth by acid-forming bacteria found in dental plaque. The most important concept to remember is that caries is a dynamic disease process, and not a static problem. Secondly, before a cavity is formed in the tooth, the caries infection can actually be reversed!

    齲齒是一種傳染病,傳染性疾病,導致破壞牙齒的酸細菌形成牙菌斑。最重要的概念要記住的是,齲齒是一個充滿活力的疾病過程,而不是一個靜態的問題。其次,在空腔中形成的牙齒,齲齒感染的實際上可以扭轉!

    =======================================================

    The causes of caries are multifactorial, and the individual risk factors associated with ECC are therefore not necessarily causative.

    Frequent intake of carbohydrate-rich or sugary foods enables the cariogenic bacteria to maintain a low pH on the surfaces of the teeth.

    Night- time bottle feeding, or prolonged use of a sippy cup, can lead to early childhood caries. The flow of saliva is decreased during sleep, so clearance of the sugary liquid from the oral cavity is slowed down.

    的原因是多齲齒,與個人有關的危險因素與幼兒保育,因此並不一定致病。

    經常攝入的碳水化合物豐富或含糖的食物,使齲菌維持低pH值對表面的牙齒。

    夜遊瓶覓食,或長期使用sippy杯,可導致兒童早期齲齒。流唾液是在睡眠減少,所以清除含糖液體從口腔正在放慢。

    =======================================================

    The earlier that a child's mouth is infected with Mutans streptococci, the greater the risk for future caries development.

    Children who already have one or more dental cavities are considered high risk for developing more.

    A low fluoride level on the surface of the teeth reduces the remineralization process and increases the risk for caries.When the saliva flow is below 0.7 ml/minute, the saliva cannot wash carbohydrates off the dental surface. In addition, low salivary buffering capacity, low salivary IgA, low salivary calcium, and low salivary phosphate reduce the potential for neutralization of acids in the dental plaque.

    早些時候,一個兒童的嘴感染變形鏈球菌的危險就越大為今後齲齒的發展。

    兒童誰已經有一個或多個齲齒被認為是高風險的發展更多。

    低氟表面上的牙齒再礦化降低進程和增加的風險caries.When唾液流量低於0.7毫升/分鐘,唾液不能洗了碳水化合物的牙齒表面。此外,低唾液緩衝能力,低唾液免疫球蛋白A ,低唾液鈣,磷低唾液減少的可能性中的脂肪酸在牙菌斑。

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。