里長 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關it虛字的英文文法解析

Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow end the candles.

語意:艾琳及時趕到慶生會場看艾德吹蠟燭。

請問:

1. 上句Irene made it to the party in time.....中的it是不是一個虛字,用來代替to see Ed blow end the candles?

2. 若是的話,請問如何才能還原成不用it來代替的原句型?

3. 為什麼要用it虛字來代替to see Ed blow end the candles?

4. 此it虛字的用法可否舉幾個例句協助說明?

已更新項目:

對不起,原文應是如下:

Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

是blow out而不是blow end。

所以之後問題中的blow end也應改為blow out

2 個已更新項目:

Hi, Cavalier,

反覆看了數次,似乎是懂了一些,但是仍有以下疑問。

1. 這個 it可以指「她趕路這個過程」以外,在別的情況下,還可以代表什麼?指什麼?能不能舉例說明,好讓我能精確掌握正確用法。

2. 你說:「it是代名詞。」請問是不是代替her way getting?

3. 由於Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.整句,是我取自長春藤雜誌中的一個没有上下文的說明例句。因此,在没有上下文的情況下,一般人應如何判斷這it是代替her way getting?是由語意推測嗎?

2 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    [make it]本身是一組固定用詞(idiom), 字典的說明:

    a. Informal(非正式用語)

    to achieve a specific goal: to make it to the train; to make it through college.

    b. Informal

    to succeed in general: He'll never make it in business.

    因此, 可以把它當成"口語版"的[succeed], 也不用去想[it]代替什麼. 就跟以下的句子裡的[it]很少人會把真正的含意寫出來:

    It is cold today.

    It is a bit late now.

    Damn it!

    Beat it!

    它的後面可以接各式各樣的詞:

    [make it into the spotlight]

    http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:vhhbkDn7iAEJ:w...

    [made it trying to blend our families together]

    http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:GT2kuFGdH4EJ:b...

    [make it to keep America safe]

    http://72.14.235.132/search?q=cache:KMKkFuLjcFgJ:w...

    甚至於什麼都不用:

    You made it!

    可以是"你來了!", 或"你成功了!"

    一群人經過艱難的險境, 達到安全地帶, 可是卻少了Tom.

    不知情的人問: Where is Tom?

    你回答: He didn't make it. (他沒有成功=他身亡了)

    所以:

    Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

    就是:

    Irene succeeded trying to get to the party in time to see ....

    Irene succeeded in getting to the party in time to see ...

    多看些例子, 將更能體會其含意.

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  • 1 0 年前

    Hi, 里長:

    這個句子的結構, 您可能有所誤解了.

    Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

    = Irene made her way getting to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

    這個it既不是虛主詞, 也不是指"to see Ed blow out the candles"這件事, 而是指她趕路這個過程. "it"純粹只是代名詞而已.

    若是以虛主詞寫法, 可重寫如下:

    Irene rushed hard to get to the party and it was just in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

    這句的it才是虛主詞, 代表"to see Ed blow out the candles".

    It was just in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

    = To see Ed blow out the candles was just in time.

    這樣您應已明白了, 如仍有疑問, 請補充發問.

    2008-11-23 00:21:53 補充:

    回版主:

    1. make it /made it = succeed/succeeded ← it並無"在別的情況下,還可以代表什麼?"之情況.

    2. make it 拆開來看 it確是代表Irene努力的事情, 就是her way getting (to the party).

    3. 不必判斷, 只把made it視為片語, 後面接著的就是made it所做成的事物.

    參考資料: 自己; 文法
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