嘉柔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

pronoun

what is a subject and pronoun

2 個解答

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  • devin
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    解答:

    1.Subject:The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. 先談 句子結構(sentence structure)

    簡單的說,句子結構祇是主詞(subject)與述詞(predicate)而已,主詞是句子要表達的事物,而述詞就是句子其餘的部份。再細分,述詞含有動詞(verb)、補語(compliment)、修飾詞(modifiers)。因此,具體詳細而言,句子基本結構為

    主詞、動詞、補語、修飾詞

    主詞就是句子的主角 ,而主詞可以是複主詞(幾個名詞加在一起),或附帶修飾主詞之片語或子句共同構成。

    ●句子既然以主詞為主,我們「聽讀說寫」英文句子時,當然就以主詞為主。主詞的變化,例如Mr. Chang(名詞) is a good teacher. He(代名詞) is a good teacher. Teaching(動名詞) is his job. To teach successfully(不定詞片語) is his goal. How to teach successfully (子句) needs more attention. It(虛主詞) is raining. There(虛主詞) is an excellent teacher in this school.

    2.pronoun:Definition

    Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.

    代名詞(pronouns)

    代名詞可以具備任何意義(They can mean almost anything),因此,讀到代名詞時,要清楚知道該代名詞代替什麼意思(When you see a pronoun in a sentence, you must make it clear what, or who, it does mean.),或代替文章中那個名詞?

    ●代名詞之分類

    1.人稱代名詞(personal),區分為主格與受格,例如 I/me(我), we/us(我們), you/you (你), you/you(你們), he/him(他), she/her(她), they/them(他們)

    2. 指示代名詞(demonstrative),例如this, that(單數), these, those(複數),例句如This is my car. That will be fine. That’s OK. What’s that?

    3.不定代名詞(indefinite),例如it, anybody, anyone, anything, everybody, ever, none, everything, nothing, somebody, someone, something,例句如Anyone can do it.

    4.疑問代名詞(interrogative, ask questions),例如when, where, who, whose, which, what等,例句如Who is it? Whose car is this? Which do you want?

    5. 關係代名詞(relative),例如that, when, where, who, which, what,例句如The problem is that I can’t do it. I am the man who called you yesterday.

    6.Reflexive Pronouns反身代名詞

    The reflexive pronouns (which have the same forms as the intensive pronouns) indicate that the sentence subject also receives the action of the verb.

    7.Reciprocal Pronouns相互關係代名詞

    The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.

    以上提供,受限字數的限制,資料已刪減許多

    希望對貴方有一臂之力

    參考資料: 自己苦心鑽研心得
  • 1 0 年前

    subject:主詞,簡單來說就是一個句子裡面發生動作的人、事、物,可以是名詞、代名詞。至於名詞裡面包含了很多,像名詞子句、名詞、不定詞、動名詞等等。

    pronoun:代名詞。顧名思義,就是代替名詞,只有I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they等。

    As your reference

    參考資料: myself
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