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For Origin theories of Christopher Columbus, see Origin theories of Christopher Columbus
This article is about the explorer. For the American filmmaker, see Chris Columbus (filmmaker).
Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus by Ridolfo Ghirlandaio.
BornAugust October 25-31 1451
DiedMay 20, 1506
outside Valladolid, Spain
Other namesCristoforo Colombo
TitleAdmiral of the Ocean Sea;
Viceroy and Governor of the Indies
Religious beliefsRoman Catholic
Spouse(s)Filipa Moniz (c. 1476-1485)
RelativesGiovanni Pellegrino, Giacomo and Bartolomeo Columbus (brothers)
Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo) (1451 – May 20, 1506) was an Italian navigator, colonizer and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean—funded by the Spanish crown—led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. Though not the first to reach the Americas from Afro-Eurasia — preceded some five hundred years by Leif Ericson, and perhaps by others — Columbus initiated widespread contact between Europeans and indigenous Americans. With his several hapless attempts at establishing a settlement on the island of Hispaniola, he personally initiated the process of Spanish colonization which foreshadowed general European colonization of the "New World." (The term "pre-Columbian" is usually used to refer to the peoples and cultures of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus and his European successors.)參考資料： 我